Voters’ Victory?: New Zealand’s First Election under by Jack Vowles

By Jack Vowles

Completes a triad of stories charting New Zealand's shift to a brand new MMP electoral method. This quantity is the tale of the 1st MMP election in 1996 and asks the query: is MMP starting to carry what its advocates was hoping? The learn for the textual content used diversified multi-stage panels and featured a post-election postal survey of over 2000 electors, and an analogous survey of election applicants from these events securing parliamentary illustration; a examine in response to day-by-day cellphone interviews through the 1996 election crusade; and post-election re-interviews.

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Additional resources for Voters’ Victory?: New Zealand’s First Election under Proportional Representation

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Regional conferences attended by a fairly wide cross-section of party members voted candidates on to ordered regional lists. These lists were combined by a committee elected at central organisation level. The central committees were intended to respect the rankings determined by ordinary members, but in order to provide for a regional, gender and ethnic balance, and taking into account the qualities of outstanding candidates, changes might be made. The shape of the lists was largely determined by members' rankings within regions, certainly in the Labour party, where the process was most controversial.

Peter Dunne's likely new Labour electorate was relatively secure, and he would have secured re-nomination if he had wished it. Senior Labour MP Clive Matthewson, squeezed out of his Dunedin electorate, would have gained an acceptable list placing. All four apparently moved into United because they saw a need for a centre party. While some of these defectors behaved as rational actors in response to their strategic dilemma, their example must be balanced against the experience of other similar MPs who did not defect.

4, . 0, . 03 (66. 05 ** Age is scored so that 1 = 10 years. 03 then for each 10 years of increasing age the probability of voting for party x increases by 3%. Income is scored 1 = $10,000. *** Residual categories for multiple categorical variables are as follows: Occupation, non-manual; Ethnicity, European/Pakeha; Religion, Traditional Christian; Education, those with university entrance qualifications and/or tertiary education not including a degree; Urban/rural, those in provincial cities and small towns.

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