Value in Capitalist Society: Rethinking Marx’s Criticism of by Paul Cobben

By Paul Cobben

Marx's research of the commodity ends up in his perception of Capital as substance within the kind of alienation. whereas Hegel claims that substance could be understood because the consciousness of freedom, Marx indicates this freedom to be alienated exertions: summary exertions, which Marx identifies because the capitalist perception of worth. The ebook clarifies why Marx's so-called materialist feedback of Hegel may be conceived of as an immanent feedback of Hegel: Marx's feedback explicates that the belief of freedom within the Philosophy of Right contradicts Hegel's uncomplicated element of departure. The enough attention of freedom not just results in another (non-alienated) perception of price, but additionally explains why this perception of worth is totally appropriate with the unfastened marketplace.

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B. Körperkraft), Bedürfnisse, Zufälle etc. ” Deutsche Ideologie, p. 31. 36 Even under the condition of institutionalized exchange, the genesis of an ideological consciousness of freedom still cannot be understood. After all, the exchange between individuals is in no way free. The exchange is necessary for survival. The struggle for self-preservation of the natural individual has acquired a social form. In this social form too, however, the struggle for self-preservation remains. If the individual does not succeed in gathering enough provisions to survive by means of the exchange of labor products, this will in no way result in the consciousness of freedom.

Substance, however, cannot be conceived of as a multitude (Spinoza): substance must exclude otherness. This contradiction can be overcome if it is assumed that self-consciousness relates in a completely symmetrical way to another self-consciousness. In that case, self-consciousness is related to independence, because the otherness is self-consciousness, but this independence is at the same time immediately negated, because the other selfconsciousness cannot be distinguished from the first self-consciousness at all.

Hegel characterizes the bondsman who experiences the fear of death as the force which is “forced back into itself”. 40 What does this mean? As corporeal self-consciousness the bondsman is also an organism. This organism reproduces itself in an interplay of forces with out-side nature—earth. In this interplay of forces, the organism is subjected to the heteronomous law of nature. At the moment that the fear of death is experienced, the organism is completely forced back into itself through nature which is experienced as an absolute superior power.

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