Unceasing Strife, Unending Fear: Jacques de Therines and the by William Chester Jordan

By William Chester Jordan

This soaking up publication explores the tensions in the Roman Catholic church and among the church and royal authority in France within the an important interval 1290-1321. in this time the crown attempted to strength churchmen to just accept guidelines many thought of inconsistent with ecclesiastical freedom and traditions--such as paying warfare taxes and expelling the Jews from the dominion. William Jordan considers those matters throughout the eyes of 1 of an important and brave actors, the Cistercian monk, professor, abbot, and polemical author Jacques de Thrines. the result's a clean viewpoint on what Jordan phrases "the tale of France in a politically terrifying interval of its life, considered one of unceasing strife and endless fear." Jacques de Thrines was once excited by approximately each controversy of the interval: the expulsion of the Jews from France, the relocation of the papacy to Avignon, the affair of the Templars, the suppression of the "heresies" of Marguerite Porete and of the non secular Franciscans, and the security of the "exempt" monastic orders' freedom from all yet papal regulate. The stands he took have been frequently awesome in themselves: hostility to the expulsion of Jews and lively safety of the Templars, for instance. The e-book additionally strains the emergence of King Philip the Fair's (1285-1314) nearly paranoid kind of rule and its impression on church-state family, which makes the expression of Jacques de Thrines's perspectives the entire extra brave.

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Extra info for Unceasing Strife, Unending Fear: Jacques de Therines and the Freedom of the Church in the Age of the Last Capetians

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In 1291 the last continental outpost in the Crusader States, the port of Acre, fell to Muslim forces. 34 It had long since been proposed that all the military orders operating in the Crusader States, including the Templars, the Hospitallers, and the Teutonic Knights, either combine their resources or be supplanted by an entirely new and unified order. 35 Moreover, there was widespread resentment among bishops and their staffs and to some extent among lay princes, too, at the relative independence of the Templars with respect to episcopal and secular jurisdiction.

But as theater his performance made a good show. Jacques’s attempt to separate criticism of the Templars from criticism of exemption was not entirely successful. Commentators hostile to the military orders continued to conflate the privileges of these orders with the full status of exemption that Cistercians, Premonstratensians, and Carthusians claimed. What was the difference, after all? 48 The vow of secrecy with regard to proceedings in chapter was intended to prevent strategic and tactical information, which would have been useful to Christendom’s enemies, from becoming public knowl- 26 CHAPTER 2 edge.

104 The decision was a foregone conclusion. 105 The inquisitor returned to Marguerite with the results of the deliberation, presumably to try one last time to persuade her that if the most learned men in theology in the world found errors in her work, she should acquiesce in their judgment. She continued to refuse, despite seven more weeks of imprisonment to think about it. 107 • • • • • The native of The´rines, monk of Chaalis, and Cistercian master in theology would soon depart Paris. Indeed, the period of his sojourn in the city at the time of the masters’ judgment against Marguerite Porete’s book was relatively brief, for Jacques had just come back from the chapter meeting at Chaalis for the election of a new abbot.

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