The Tomato Genome by Mathilde Causse, Jim Giovannoni, Mondher Bouzayen, Mohamed

By Mathilde Causse, Jim Giovannoni, Mondher Bouzayen, Mohamed Zouine

This booklet describes the tactic used for sequencing, assembling and annotating the tomato genome and offers the most features of this series with a distinct concentrate on repeated sequences and the ancestral polyploidy occasions. it is also the chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes. Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is a tremendous crop plant in addition to a version for fruit improvement, and the provision of the genome series has thoroughly replaced the paradigm of the species’ genetics and genomics. The publication describes the various genetic and genomic assets on hand, the pointed out genes and quantitative trait locus (QTL) pointed out, in addition to the powerful synteny throughout Solanaceae species. finally, it discusses the implications of the supply of a great genome series of the cultivated species for the examine neighborhood. it's a priceless source for college kids and researchers drawn to the genetics and genomics of tomato and Solanaceae.

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Causse et al. 1007/978-3-662-53389-5_3 23 24 simultaneously map many loci. Molecular markers have enabled biologists to construct saturated linkage maps of the genome and to systematically localize mutations of interest on these maps. Over years, more and more markers were discovered and the genotyping cost decreased. Following isozymes, the first DNA markers, based on the detection of Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLP), allowed the construction of a reference map of the tomato genome (Tanksley et al.

It © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016 M. Causse et al. 1007/978-3-662-53389-5_4 39 40 S. Grandillo and M. Cammareri Keywords Á Á Á Á Tomato QTL Association mapping Introgression lines Wild relatives Abbreviations AB AM BC BIL cM COSII GWAS IL ILH LD MAF MAS MLMM NGS NIL PCR QTL QTN RFLP RIL RNAi RS SG SGe SGN SNP Advanced backcross Association mapping Backcross Backcross inbred line CentiMorgans Conserverd ortholog set II Genome-wide Association Studies Introgression line Introgression line hybrid Linkage disequilibrium Minor frequency slleles Marker-assisted selection Multilocus mixed model Next-generation sequencing Near isogenic line Polymerase chain reaction Quantitative trait loci Quantitative trait nucleotide Restriction fragment length polymorphism Recombinant inbred line RNA interference Reproductive stage Seed germination Selective genotyping SOL genomics network Single nucleotide polymorphism Introduction The phenotypic variation of many traits of agricultural and evolutionary importance is of quantitative nature, and results from the combined action of multiple segregating loci that may interact with each other as well as with the environment, making the dissection of the genetic architecture and molecular basis of these traits a notoriously challenging endeavor (Falconer 1989).

Plant J 17(4):427–431 Busch BL, Schmitz G, Rossmann S, Piron F, Ding J, Bendahmane A, Theres K (2011) Shoot branching and leaf dissection in tomato are regulated by homologous gene modules. Plant Cell 23(10):3595–3609 Butler L (1952) The linkage map of the tomato. J Heredity 43:25–35 Causse M, Desplat N, Pascual L, Le Paslier MC, Sauvage C, Bauchet G et al (2013) Whole genome 34 resequencing in tomato reveals variation associated with introgression and breeding events. BMC Genom 14:791 Chetelat RT (2005) Revised list of monogenic stocks.

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