By Alexander Soloviev
Эта книга - объёмистая монография, полностью посвящённая приповерхностному слою Мирового Океана.
2 Sea floor Microlayer
3 Near-Surface Turbulence
4 positive constitution and Microstructure
5 Spatially-Varying and Coherent Structures
6 excessive Wind pace Regime
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Additional resources for The Near-Surface Layer of the Ocean: Structure, Dynamics and Applications
10)), which requires detailed knowledge of solar energy absorption as a function of depth. 26). 2). Currently, models to predict upper ocean properties, such as temperature and primary productivity, use either shipboard measurements or climatological irradiance levels as input. In situ measurements, generally confined to process studies, are sparse while regional and seasonal averages produced from meteorological data collected aboard ships of opportunity are limited in both accuracy and coverage.
15) 8 1 Introduction where KS and KCi are the constant diffusion coefficients for salt and an arbitrary scalar tracer, respectively. 16) where ul is the typical velocity scale, l is the length scale characteristic of horizontal variation of properties in the ocean, and f is the Coriolis parameter. 17) 1 ∂p 1 ∂τ zy ∂v + fu = − + . 12) for the heat, salinity, and other substances are unaffected by the low Rossby number approximation since the Coriolis term does not enter into these scalar equations.
The more recent studies of optical properties of the nearsurface layer of the ocean as a part of the Radiance in a Dynamic Ocean (RaDyO) program (Dickey et al. 2012) are consistent with Schmidt (1908) and Pope and Fry (1997). To extend the calculations to real ocean water, Soloviev and Schlüssel (1996) proposed a small modification of the Paulson and Simpson (1981) parameterization. 6 µm, the absorption is strongly modified by phytoplankton, suspended inorganic matter, and yellow substance (Jerlov 1976).