By Donald Kagan
Publish yr note: First released in 1987
In the fourth and ultimate quantity of his magisterial historical past of the Peloponnesian conflict, Donald Kagan examines the interval from the destruction of Athens' Sicilian excursion in September of 413 B.C. to the Athenian hand over to Sparta within the spring of 404 B.C. via his research of this final decade of the warfare, Kagan evaluates the functionality of the Athenian democracy because it confronted its so much severe problem. even as, Kagan assesses Thucydides' interpretation of the explanations for Athens defeat and the destruction of the Athenian Empire.
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Extra resources for The Fall of the Athenian Empire (The Peloponnesian War, Volume 4)
There is no reason to doubt that the other two references were equally relevant. As Andrewes points out, "it can hardly be coincidence that Agis had been active here little, if at all, more than twelve months before" (HCT V, 9). 1 3HCT V, 10. 28 THE FALL O F THE ATHENIAN EMPIRE pursue vigorous and aggressive action that went beyond traditional bounds. 14 Upon his return to Decelea from the Gulf of Malis, Agis received visits from two sets of envoys to discuss rebellion from the Athenian Empire.
The Spartans had few ships and little or no money . They had relied in the past on their allies for both, but the war had done terrible things to the economic strength of the most important allies. Thucydides tells us that Sparta's allies were "jointly enthusiastic" to be rid of the great hardships of the war, "even more ,, than they had been before. 64 But some at least seem to have been less eager than others. The Corinthians stalled when the Spartans proposed to sail from the Isthmus to help the Chians launch their rebellion, asking for a delay until after the Isthmian games.
2 . 8). 7 1 1 . 8. 72Diod. 1 3 . 4, 63, 75. 2-9; Xen. 1 . 27-3 1 , 3 . 1 3 . 16 THE FALL OF THE ATHENIAN EMPIRE foreseen these events, but their experience in the Archidamian War might have made them wary. In 43 1 they had asked their allies in Sicily and Italy for 5 00 ships and received none. 74 To expect a vast reinforcement, far from Sicily and after the Athenian assault had been shattered and there was no more danger, would, in any case, have been unrealistic. The Spartans and their allies thus had no prospect of acquiring sufficient ships or funds from their own resources.