By Frederick K. Lutgens
The surroundings: An creation to Meteorology remains the normal creation in its box, reinforcing uncomplicated techniques with daily, easy-to-grasp examples. This revision keeps the hallmarks professors have come to count on from Tarbuck and Lutgens: a pleasant, principally non-technical narrative, well timed assurance of contemporary atmospheric occasions, and punctiliously crafted art by way of top technological know-how illustrator Dennis Tasa.
The Twelfth variation maintains a student-friendly process whereas evolving to deal with quite a few path demanding situations and tendencies. New electronic visualization and evaluation instruments at the moment are on hand on MyMeteorologyLab, a brand new source that either encourages scholar self-study and allows teachers to control their classes on-line, with customizable exams for college students. each one bankruptcy during this revision is prepared through a brand new lively studying route to aid advisor and interact non-science majors. a better specialise in renowned and more and more vital critical & dangerous climate functions, new severe visible research Eye at the surroundings positive aspects, in addition to new discussions of the real-world occupation possibilities of meteorology with expert Profile essays, make the technological know-how either proper and exciting.
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Additional info for The atmosphere : an introduction to meteorology
Because some error is inevitable, the accuracy of a particuIt also explains the evolution of continents and ocean basins lar measurement or observation is always open to question. through time. As you will see in Chapter 14, this theory Nevertheless, these data are essential to science and serve also helps us understand some important aspects of climate as a springboard for the development of scientific theories change through long spans of geologic time. (Box 1–1). 10 The Atmosphere: An Introduction to Meteorology Box 1–1 Monitoring Earth from Space Scientific facts are gathered in many ways, including through laboratory experiments and field observations and measurements.
As you can see in Figure 1–16, two gases—nitrogen and oxygen—make up 99 percent of the volume of clean, dry air. Although these gases are the most plentiful components of the atmosphere and are of great significance to life on Earth, they are of little or no importance in affecting weather phenomena. 93 percent) plus tiny quantities of a number of other gases. 0391 percent, or 391 parts per million), is nevertheless a meteorologically important constituent of air. Carbon dioxide is of great interest to meteorologists because it is an efficient absorber of energy emitted by Earth and thus influences the heating of the atmosphere.
For example, on the ocean floor, where pressures are extreme and no light penetrates, there are places where vents spew hot, mineral-rich fluids that support communities of exotic life-forms. 62% Stream channel Hydrosphere Nonocean Component (% of total hydrosphere) Glaciers Groundwater (spring) Figure 1–12 Distribution of Earth’s water. Obviously, most of Earth’s water is in the oceans. Glacial ice represents about 85 percent of all the water outside the oceans. When only liquid freshwater is considered, more than 90 percent is groundwater.