Thanatia: The Destiny of the Earth's Mineral Resources : A by Antonio Valero Capilla

By Antonio Valero Capilla

Is Gaia turning into Thanatia, a source exhausted planet? for the way lengthy can our high-tech society be sustained within the gentle of declining mineral ore grades, heavy dependence on un-recycled serious metals and speeded up fabric dispersion? those are all root explanations of destiny disruptions that have to be addressed today.

This publication offers a cradle-to-cradle view of the Earth's abiotic assets via a singular and rigorous technique in accordance with the second one legislation of Thermodynamics: warmth dissipates and fabrics become worse and disperse. caliber is irreversibly misplaced. this enables for the review of such depletion and will be used to estimate the 12 months the place construction of the most mineral commodities may possibly succeed in its zenith. through postulating Thanatia, one acquires a feeling of future and a priority for a unified worldwide administration of the planet's abiotic source endowment.

The e-book covers the middle points of geology, geochemistry, mining, metallurgy, economics, the surroundings, thermodynamics and thermochemistry. it's supported by means of accomplished databases regarding mineral assets, together with certain compositions of the Earth's layers, thermochemical homes of over three hundred ingredients, historic power and mineral source inventories, strength intake and environmental affects within the mining and metallurgical area and global recycling premiums of commodities.

Readership: Thermodynamicists, geologists, economists and coverage makers.

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Extra info for Thanatia: The Destiny of the Earth's Mineral Resources : A Thermodynamic Cradle-to-Cradle Assessment

Sample text

Medium-term criticality matrix . . . . . . . . . . . 1 General physical supply and use table according to SEEA . . . . 2 Exergy of a heat flow as a function of temperature . . . . . . 5 The cycle of materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Closing the material’s cycle: the cradle-grave-cradle approach . . . The concept of thermodynamic rarity . . . . . . . . . The influence of extraction on thermodynamic rarity, should technology remain constant .

31 Production of the main non-fuel mineral commodities on Earth in the 20th century . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Production of the main non-fuel mineral commodities on Earth in the 20th century, excluding aluminium, iron, gypsum, phosphate rock and limestone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Natural bonus loss associated with the extraction of the main non-fuel mineral commodities on Earth throughout the 20th century . . . 34 Natural bonus loss associated with the extraction of the main non-fuel mineral commodities on Earth throughout the 20th century, excluding iron ore, potash and aluminium .

Thermodynamic properties of the different types of coal . . . . The exergy of the world’s coal proven reserves . . . . . . . HHV and elementary analysis of the different types of oil . . . . Thermodynamic properties of the different types of oil . . . . . The exergy of the world’s oil proven reserves . . . . . . . . Standard volumetric composition of natural gas . . . . . . . Thermodynamic properties of natural gas . . . . . .

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