By Ravindra K. Dhir OBE, Jorge de Brito, Raman Mangabhai, Chao Qun Lye
Sustainable building fabrics: Copper Slag, as a part of a chain of 5, the ebook goals to advertise using sustainable development fabrics. it's diversified to the norm and its distinctiveness lies in constructing an information matrix sourced from four hundred courses, contributed through 712 authors from 337 associations in forty international locations from 1964 to 2015, almost about copper slag as a building fabric, and systematically, analysisng, comparing and modelling this data to be used in cement, concrete, geotechnics and street pavement functions. similar environmental concerns, case stories and criteria also are mentioned. The paintings establishes what's already identified and will be used. it will additionally support to prevent repetitive learn and keep useful assets, that could as an alternative be directed in the direction of new learn to development using sustainable development fabrics.
The booklet is based in an incisive and straightforward to digest demeanour. As a very good reference resource, the e-book is very suited to researchers, teachers, layout engineers, specifiers, contractors, builders and certifying and regulatory experts, looking to advertise sustainability in the development region.
- Provides an intensive resource of beneficial database info supported through an exhaustive and comprehensively prepared record of worldwide released literature spanning 40-50 years, as much as 2016, with over 400 references
- Offers an research, overview, repackaging, and modeling of present wisdom, encouraging extra in charge use of waste material in construction
- Presents a wealth of data to be used in lots of sectors with regards to the development profession
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Additional info for Sustainable Construction Materials: Copper Slag
However, the problem is that the total sum of the SiO2, Al2O3 and CaO contents of CS, on average, make up less than half of the overall composition of the material and as such the above SiO2–Al2O3–CaO system is less suitable for assessing this particular material. 40 Sustainable Construction Materials: Copper Slag 6L2 6) 3)$ 0. 0. 6 Ternary plot of the SiO2, Al2O3 and CaO contents of copper slag in comparison to established construction materials. CS, copper slag; GGBS, ground granulated blast furnace slag; MK, metakaolin; PC, Portland cement; PFA, pulverised fuel ash; SF, silica fume.
2012), Song (2013), Spitzner (1978), Srinivas and Muranal (2015), Sterlite Industries (2012), Sudarvizhi and Ilandgovan (2012), Supeaker (2007), Suresh et al. (2013), Sushma et al. (2015), Taeb and Faghihi (2002), Taha et al. (2004), Tandel and Patel (2009), Tiwari and Bhattacharya (2013), Tixier et al. (1997, 1999), Tokuhashi et al. (2001), Wang et al. (2011a,b), Weicai and Tiandi (1993), Wu et al. (2010a,b), Yang et al. (2010), Yogendra (2008), Yucel et al. (1999), and Zain et al. (2004). 4 (a) Chemical composition of copper slag samples for Fe2O3.
The environmental impacts that may give rise to concern through the potential for element leaching from CS have also been included. , cuprite), which are of significance as copper ores (Lossin, 2001). Depending mainly on the ore type, as well as the geographical, economic and environmental considerations, copper can be extracted through: (i) pyrometallurgy, which involves thermal treatment, predominantly used for copper–iron– sulphide minerals as they do not dissolve easily; (ii) hydrometallurgy, which involves a leaching operation, commonly used for oxidized minerals.