By Henning Baurmann, Jan Dilling, Claudia Euler, Julius Niederwöhrmeier, Alexander Reichel, Kerstin Schultz
Wall, help, ceiling, and roof make up the skeleton of approximately each development. This fourth quantity within the sequence SCALE, help | Materialize, takes an in-depth examine those load-bearing constructions, overlaying the advance and recognition of applicable buildings from notion and layout goal the entire method to constructional implementation. Following the normal construction equipment of huge, cross-wall, and skeleton development, it issues the best way towards a material-ap-propriate constructional method of those defining structural parts - wall, aid, ceiling, and roof. exact awareness is given to how constructional and technical issues may be harmonized with spatial and formal commitments. The load-bearing parts are equipped, defined, and explored intimately from a fabric in addition to a proper and constructional viewpoint. Their useful implementation is illustrated by way of a chain of overseas examples.
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Extra info for Support / Materialize: Wall, Column, Slab, Roof
Reinforced concrete slabs are well suited to the different types of load as they are Â�capable of transferring the various loads within the thickness of the floor when the reinforcement steel is arranged accordingly. The multi-family dwelling by Christian Kerez at Forsterstraße in Zurich (2003) is a typical, albeit extreme, Â�example of materials and structure being chosen to suit this type of internal layout. 3–6 2 1 1, 2 Terraced housing, Munich, 2001, von Seidlein Â�Architects. The clear design using in-situ Â�concrete and prefabricated Â�compartment walls determines theÂ€Â�conservative style of the development.
With the seminar building (2004) as an extension of Villa Garbald in Castasegna, Miller and Maranta produced a significant example of a box-type design. In view of the orthogonal, polymorphous room layout, they opted for a reinforced concrete structure with a monolithic function comprising horizontal and vertical members. The bedrooms are arranged around the central circuÂ� lation core, creating a spiral-shaped room layout with rooms being accessed in sequence as they open out from the core zone.
They are geometrically defined by their proportions: both their length and width are many times greater than their height, or, in more general terms, two dimensions are significantly larger than the third one. Plates and slabs can be installed as both vertical and Â�horizontal structural elements. The defining factor is the direction in which the main force is acting on them. For example, a cellar wall that resists earth pressure, a Â�facade that resists wind load, and a floor deck that supports an imposed load all function as slabs; on the other hand, a wall or roof bracing a structure functions as aÂ€plate.