Some Aspects of Hadewijch’s Poetic form in the ‘Strofische by Tanis M. Guest

By Tanis M. Guest

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Van der Kallen allows no modified tripartition, but her line is a little less rigid than van Mierlo's strict one, incIuding 24 songs, as follows: 11, III, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XII, XIII, XVI, XVIII, XIX, XXI, XXV, XXVII, XVIII, XXXI, XXXII, XXXIV, XXXV, XXXVIII, XXXIX, XLI, XLII. This contains all van Mierlo's first list except xv and XXVI, with the addition of nine songs (XIII, XXV, XXVII, XXXII, XXXIV, XXXV, XXXVIII, XLI, XLII) from his second list. In the case of xv and XXVI she is stricter than van Mierlo, since in both a cIear division between Pedes and Cauda occurs in only a minority of stanzas, whereas in all her additions except XXVII, it appears in the majority, being far more marked than for instance in VI, which is in van Mierlo's first list.

Taking the letter to represent the stanza, the sequences are: XXXIII. XXXVII. F MI M F M F M F M FI F M F M F M M M M M M F F F F F F F. RHYME 43 With the six 6-line stanzas, IV, XIV, XVII, XX, XXX, XLIV, we again find a fair degree ofuniformity. With the two rhymes ofthe scheme, there are four possible combinations: MM, MF, FM, FF, yet in none of the six do we find all four used, and in three of them (XIV, XVII, xxx) there are only two. In all six cases one pattern predominates, and in all save XX, where it occurs in half the stanzas, the dominance is very marked.

1-4. Dit nowe jaer es ons begonnen,7 Nu moet ons God met minnen onnen Dat wijt also beginnen connen Dat der minnen doghe, where the regular pattern is broken only in the third line. There is of course a danger of monotony in this somewhat martial regularity, particularly in lyric poetry, and it is rare to find it continued through more than two, or occasionally three, lines. The skill with which Hadewijch sometimes manipulates the number of drops to reinforce the meaning can be seen in the final stanza of XIV, the number of drops being given in brackets: Die minnen met allen dus hevet dor(e)waden 8 (1-1-1-2/3-1 = 8/9) Met diepen hongh(e)re, met vollen saden, (1-1-2/3-1-1 = 617) 27 THE STANZA Hem en mach dorren noch bloyen scaden, Noch hulpen tijt engheen Int diepste ghewat, ten hoechsten graden Blijft hare wesen in een.

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