Silicon in plants: advances and future prospects by Durgesh Kumar Tripathi, Vijay Pratap Singh, Parvaiz Ahmad,

By Durgesh Kumar Tripathi, Vijay Pratap Singh, Parvaiz Ahmad, Devendra Kumar Chauhan, Sheo Mohan Prasad

In the current period, swift industrialization and urbanization has ended in undesirable physiological, chemical, and organic alterations within the atmosphere that experience damaging results on crop caliber and productiveness. this example is additional worsened by way of the starting to be call for for meals as a result of an ever expanding inhabitants. This forces plant scientists and agronomists to appear ahead for substitute concepts to reinforce crop creation and convey more secure, fitter meals. Biotic and abiotic stresses are significant constraints to crop productiveness and became an immense problem to agricultural scientists and agronomists in view that either rigidity components significantly lessen agriculture creation world wide in keeping with 12 months.

Silicon has numerous results on plant progress and improvement, in addition to crop yields. It raises photosynthetic task, creates greater disorder resistance, reduces heavy steel toxicity, improves nutrient imbalance, and complements drought tolerance. Silicon in vegetation: Advances and destiny Prospects provides the important results of silicon in enhancing productiveness in crops and embellishing the potential of vegetation to withstand stresses from environmental components. It compiles fresh advances made all over the world in several major laboratories in regards to the position of silicon in plant biology which will make those results simply available to academicians, researchers, industrialists, and scholars. Nineteen chapters summarize information about the position of silicon in crops, their development and improvement, physiological and molecular responses, and responses opposed to a number of the abiotic stresses.

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Effect of manganese excess on the soybean plant cultivated under various growth conditions. J Plant Nutr 17: 993–1003. Wu XC, Lin WX, Huang ZL. (2007). Influence of enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation on photosynthetic physiologies and ultrastructure of leaves in two different resistivity rice cultivars [in Chinese with English abstract]. Acta Ecol Sinica 27: 0554–0564. Xu XY, McGrath SP, Meharg AA, Zhao FJ. (2008). Growing rice aerobically markedly decreases arsenic accumulation. Environ Sci Technol 42: 5574–5579.

Effect of selenium and silicon on transcription factors NAC5 and DREB2A involved in drought-responsive gene expression in rice. Biol Plant 58: 265–273. Kim YH, Khan AL, Waqas M, Shim JK, Kim DH, Lee KY, Lee IJ. (2014). Silicon application to rice root zone influenced the phytohormonal and antioxidant responses under salinity stress. J Plant Growth Regul 33: 137–149. Kinraide TB, Parker DR, Zobel RW. (2005). Organic acid secretion as a mechanism of aluminium resistance: A model incorporating the root cortex, epidermis, and the external unstirred layer.

2005). Another study suggested that Si may be involved in the thermal stability of cell membranes of plants during heat stress (Agarie et al. 1998). 5°C) decreased in the leaves of plants grown with Si, but not in those without Si. Further studies dealing with high-temperature stress and Si interaction found an increased level of some antioxidant enzymes (SOD, APX, and glutathione peroxidase [GPX]); however, some of them decreased CAT (Soundararajan et al. 2014). This variation may be due to species or cultivar specificity and also the difference in Si uptake level.

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