Risk Management in a Hazardous Environment: A Comparative by Michael Bollig

By Michael Bollig

A study specialize in risks, danger notion and hazard minimizing ideas is comparatively new within the social and environmental sciences. This quantity by way of a famous pupil of East African societies is a strong instance of this turning out to be curiosity. prior concept and learn tended to explain social and financial platforms in a few kind of equilibrium. besides the fact that fresh pondering in human ecology, evolutionary biology, let alone in monetary and political idea has come to assign to "risk" a favourite function in predictive modeling of habit. It seems that danger minimalization is vital to the certainty of person techniques and diverse social associations. it's not easily a peripheral and temporary second in a group’s heritage. Anthropologists drawn to forager societies have emphasised possibility administration ideas as a big strength shaping searching and collecting workouts and structuring associations of foodstuff sharing and territorial habit. This e-book builds on a few of these advancements yet during the research of particularly complicated pastoral and farming peoples and in populations with colossal identified histories. the strategy of study relies seriously at the managed comparisons of other populations sharing a few cultural features yet differing in publicity to yes dangers or dangers. The critical questions guiding this procedure are: 1) How are risks generated via environmental version and degradation, via expanding inner stratification, violent conflicts and marginalization? 2) How do those risks bring about damages to unmarried families or to person actors and the way do those charges range inside of one society? three) How are dangers perceived by means of the folk affected? four) How do actors of alternative wealth, social prestige, age and gender try and reduce dangers by means of delimiting the influence of damages in the course of an on-going drawback and what sort of institutionalized measures do they layout to insure themselves opposed to dangers, fighting their incidence or proscribing their results? five) How is threat minimization stricken by cultural innovation and the way can the significance of the search for better safeguard as a motive force of cultural evolution be expected?

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Extra info for Risk Management in a Hazardous Environment: A Comparative Study of two Pastoral Societies (Studies in Human Ecology and Adaptation)

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These animals are all taken from the herd which has been allotted to his mother during the previous decades. For the next two or three decades the household grows constantly, children are born and, if herd-growth allows, further wives are acquired. A new stage in the domestic cycle is reached when the eldest sons and daughters get married. However, the fact that a senior man still marries young women and has children by them, ensures that the household continues and frequently even grows. After the death of the household head, the household dissolves as surviving wives join their sons with the remaining livestock.

To the traveller, the Himba and Pokot may look similar at first sight: both are exotic looking tribal people who adorn themselves with complex coiffures and wear colourful beads, they dwell in picturesque semi-arid environments, wear leather garments and live in traditional huts. However, despite the traditional appearance of both people colonialism has had a grave and lasting impact in both instances. In both regions herders mainly live off their livestock. While milk and meat is produced by the herds, maize is purchased through market sales of livestock or barter exchange.

On the basis of these concepts Douglas develops a set 12 Chapter 1 of "cosmological types", all of which have developed their special relationship towards the environment, to other people and the self and, of course, to risk: for example, while egalitarian people see their natural surroundings as fragile and approach technological innovations cautiously, individualistic societies see abundance and chance in nature. Hierarchical societies tend to emphasise the necessity of rules mediating between society and nature: if these rules are violated the system breaks down, if they are accepted, nature and society will do well.

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