Quantum Information and Quantum Computing (Kinki University

The open study middle undertaking "Interdisciplinary basic study towards attention of a quantum computer" has been supported by means of the Ministry of schooling, Japan for 5 years. it is a selection of the study results via the participants engaged within the venture. To make the presentation self-contained, it begins with an outline by way of Mikio Nakahara, which serves as a concise advent to quantum details and quantum computing. next contributions contain topics from physics, chemistry, arithmetic, and data technology, reflecting upon the wide range of scientists operating less than this undertaking. those contributions introduce NMR quantum computing and similar ideas, quantity thought and coding concept, quantum mistakes correction, photosynthesis, non-classical correlations and entanglement, impartial atom quantum desktop, between others. each one of contributions will function a brief advent to those innovative learn fields.

Readership: Graduate scholars and researchers in physics, chemistry, arithmetic, informatics and laptop technological know-how. additionally obtainable to complex undergraduate scholars.

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Barnum, M. A. Nielsen and B. Schumacher, Phys. Rev. A 57, 4153 (1998). 17. Y. , J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 76 074002 (2007). Vol-6 main˙orc-symp11 42 18. F. Gaitan, Quantum Error Correction and Fault Tolerant Quantum Computing, CRC Press, New York, 2008. 19. D. P. DiVincenzo, Fortschr. Phys. 48, 771 (2000). 20. M. Nakahara, S. Kanemitsu, M. M. Salomaa and S. ” (World Scientific, Singapore) (2006). 21. J. , Phys. Rev. A 70 012319, (2004). 22. E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and L. Viola, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2525 (2000); P.

L. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information, Cambridge University Press (2000). 5. M. Nakahara and T. Ohmi, Quantum Computing: From Linear Algebra to Physical Realizations, Taylor & Francis (2008). 6. P. A. M. ), Clarendon Press (1981). 7. J. J. Sakurai, : Modern Quantum Mechanics (2nd Edition), Addison Wesley, Boston (1994). 8. L. E. Ballentine, Quantum Mechanics, World Scientific, Singapore (1998). 9. A. Peres, Quantum Theory: Concepts and Methods, Springer (2006). 10. A. Peres, Phys.

Step 3’ Reversing process of Step 3, two atoms are separated along the optical lattice. Step 2’ Atoms are transferred from the optical lattice to the NFFD traps by an inverse process of Step 2. Step 1’ Aperture radii of NFFD lasers are reduced so that the atoms are transferred back to the initial positions by an inverse process of Step 1. Since Step n’ is an inverse process of Step n, the time required for the inverse process is the same as that for the forward process with the given fidelity. Vol-6 main˙orc-symp11 48 3.

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