By J C van Lenteren
Using organic regulate brokers has been expanding around the world and there are actually many businesses mass-producing such organisms, relatively for the keep an eye on of insect pests. even though, there's a nice want for qc within the creation and use of those average enemies, which come with insect parasitoids and predators, fungi and viruses. This publication has been written by way of major scientists from Europe and North the United States to supply either history idea and functional information in this topic.
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Additional info for Quality Control and Production of Biological Control Agents
2000). , 1997). As yet, not enough data exist to make a meaningful comparison of the relative learning ability of specialist and generalist parasitoids. In addition, most present data, with the exception of results from Cotesia species, include work on only distantly related species. Any comparison would risk erroneously attributing differences in learning to differences in diet breadth when in fact they are due to other factors, for example, differences in phylogeny (Papaj and Prokopy, 1989).
R. (1989) Total quality control in insect mass production for insect pest management. Journal of Applied Entomology 108, 452–461. C. G. (1996) The role of parasitoid and predator production in technology transfer of ﬁeld crop biological control. Entomophaga 41, 343–360. Marroquin, R. (1985) Mass production of screwworm in Mexico. H. ) Symposium on Eradication of the Screwworm from the United States and Mexico. Miscellaneous Publications of the Entomological Society of America 62, Lanham, Maryland, pp.
2000b) A greenhouse without pesticides: fact or fantasy? Crop Protection 19, 375–384. C. P. (2003) Augmentative biological control in Latin America as seen from a worldwide perspective. BioControl (in press). C. and Manzaroli, G. (1999) Evaluation and use of predators and parasitoids for biological control of pests in greenhouses. C. and Elad, Y. (eds) Integrated Pest and Disease Management in Greenhouse Crops. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 183–201. C. G. (1999) Mass production, storage, shipment and quality control of natural enemies.