Protest music in France : production, identity and audiences by Barbara Lebrun

By Barbara Lebrun

Barbara Lebrun strains the evolution of 'protest' song in France due to the fact 1981, exploring the contradictions that emerge while artists who take their musical creation and political dedication 'seriously', go over to the mainstream, turning into ecocnomic and consensual. Contestation is known as a discourse formed by means of the assumptions and practices of artists, manufacturers, the media and audiences, for whom it is smart to reject politically reactionary principles and the dominant flavor for advertisement pop. putting tune in its fiscal, historic and ideological context, notwithstanding, unearths the fragility and instability of those oppositions. The publication first of all concentrates on song construction in France, the relationships among self sustaining labels, significant businesses and the state's cultural regulations. This part presents the fabric history for realizing the improvement of rock alternatif, France's self-styled 'subversive' style of the Eighties, and explains the specificity of a 'protest' tune tradition in late-twentieth-century France, when it comes to the genre's culture within the West. the second one half seems at representations of a 'protest' id when it comes to discourses of nationwide id, targeting Nineties sub-genres. the 1st, chanson néo-réaliste, contests modernity by utilizing acoustic tools, yet its nostalgic 'protest' increases questions on the artists' genuine engagement with the current. the second one, rock métis, borrows from North African and Latino rhythms and demanding situations the 'neutral' Frenchness of the Republic, whereas advocating multiculturalism in difficult methods. A dialogue of Manu Chao's profession, a French artist who has accomplished good fortune overseas, additionally permits an exploration of the connection among transnationalism and anti-globalization politics. ultimately, the publication examines the audiences of French 'protest' song and considers fairs as areas of 'non-mainstream' identification negotiation. in line with first-hand interviews, this part highlights the vocabulary of feelings that audiences use to make experience of an 'alternative' functionality, unveiling the contradictions that underpin their self-definition as individuals in a 'protest' tradition. The ebook contributes to debates at the cultural construction of 'resistance' and the illustration of post-colonial identities, uncovering the social constructedness of the discourse of 'protest' in France. It can pay cognizance to its nation-specific personality whereas providing a much broader mirrored image at the fluidity of 'subversive' identities, with strength functions throughout a number Western track practices.

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This measure mostly affected urban planning and industrial development, but also had an impact on culture, as local government became responsible for devising policies and allocating funds within its sphere of influence. Without necessarily seeing their role as being that of challengers of globalization, regional and municipal authorities started spending money on the development of local infrastructure such as concert halls and rehearsal studios, giving subsidies to small production companies and independent radio shows, and generally encouraging the practice and consumption of music by the local population.

14). Finally, the groundwork covered by the independents, whose managers and talent spotters do actually listen to demo tapes and tour the music festivals, is also acknowledged by the majors, who regularly work in partnership with indie labels and step in once new or outlandish artists have obtained a degree of success (Laing, 1986, p. 335; Frith, 1992, p. 65; Lefeuvre, 1998, p. 155). These structural inter-dependencies mean that major and independent companies are not in direct confrontation with each other, and that, in a highly competitive business where the success of a given act is often quite unpredictable, there have been plenty of opportunities for new, small-scale producers to try their luck.

Frèrebeau certainly foresaw the profits to be made in producing kindred spirits to the already successful Négresses Vertes, yet he also stressed his pleasure and bewilderment at seeing them perform live for the first time: ‘I saw them, I liked them, but I didn’t understand a thing. I signed them without realising the importance they would have in my life’ (in Paquotte, 2001, p. 24 In 1996, without splitting from Warner, Frèrebeau set up and headed an ‘integrated label’ within the major, called Tôt ou Tard.

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