Progress in Petroleum Technology (Advances in Chemistry by Robert E. Wilson

By Robert E. Wilson

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The regenerated catalyst is withdrawn from the bottom of the vessel to complete its cycle. The F l u i d plant as described represents an improved design over the original 13,000barrel-per-day plants, which have been called M o d e l I designs, and the 31 M o d e l I I plants installed during World W a r I I . These early designs have been described i n detail i n numerous papers. The distinguishing feature of the M o d e l I design was that ail of the catalyst circulated passed overhead from the Fluid beds and through an extensive external cyclone recovery system.

Sq. /hour/vol. Recycle cas rate, standard cu. /bbl. feed % H i in recycle gas Yields, basis feed Butanes, vol. % C i and heavier product, vol. % 100% Ct gasoline, vol. % Dry gas (Ci and lighter), wt. % Coke, wt. % 10-lb. R V P gasoline, vol. , ° F . p. Octane Nos. 5 ml. T E L / g a l . 0 ml. T E L / g a l . 5 ml. T E L / g a l . 0 ml. T E L / g a l . /sq. inch Bromine no. Toluene, vol. % basis feed Xylenes, vol. % basis feed Heavier aromatics, vol. % basis feed 10-lb. , C F R R + 3 ml. T E L / g a l .

248/3V6°F. 244/408'F. 203AOb F. # e e I 1 1 50 60 70 80 C L E A R R E S E A R C H O C T A N E N O . (CFRR) Figure 2. 90 100 Conventional Fixed-Bed Hydroforming of Various Virgin Naphthas K e l l o g g M0O3 o n a c t i v a t e d alumina c a t a l y s t 1 0 0 % C4 g a s o l i n e y i e l d vs. 2% sulfur. The sulfur compounds were largely of the ring type and consequently very resistant to most desulfurization processes. The pertinent data are presented as Table V I I . The process could be operated with or without an extraneous supply of hydrogen-containing gas.

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