By Abbas Abdelkarim
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Additional info for Primitive Capital Accumulation in the Sudan
Sharecropping arrangements with the government and in such small pieces of land (28 feddans each) could not have been an attractive proposition for harig cultivators. Household producers of Gedaref, even those who were compelled to leave their lands in Ghadamaliyia, were not compelled to accept sharecropping arrangements as the only way to secure subsistence. Land in the GEDAREF: MECHANISATION 33 region was in relative abundance and the government had only assumed control over a part of it. In Gezira the government assumed control over most of the cultivable land, and most of the local people, therefore, had no other alternative than to stay and accept the new arrangements.
Reliable data and statistics on surplus (in the form of different types of income) and l abour requirements is very scarce, if available at all. Some estimates of the area under cultivation and total production have been made by some parastatal agencies, some of which have been published (but, however, not without discrepancies and inconsistencies in the same and between different sources). This chapter has been mainly based on findings of a field trip to Gedaref during the dura harvest of the 1982/83 season.
They prefer to employ the socially and ethnic-culturally less advantaged segment of the population (‘Westerners’) in their own tenancies and benefit from the difference in wage levels between what they can earn and what they offer. It can be asserted then that notwithstanding that most Gezira tenants seem to resort to wage labour more than to their own household labour, the majority of them are not petty agrarian capitalists. Both the intention behind and the result of purchase of labour power of others is not accumulation.