By S. K. Haldar
Platinum-Nickel-Chromium Deposits: Geology, Exploration, and Reserve Base is the 1st reference e-book to mix info at the discovery of diverse minerals inside of present deposits. This booklet acknowledges the shut affinity and nice typical coexistence of platinum, palladium, chromium, nickel, copper, gold, and silver hosted through specific stratigraphy (mafic-ultramafic intrusive of layered creative complicated) in a various structural set up.
The chapters are geared up in a logical series of introductory actual and chemical houses, demand-supply situation, rate pattern, substitution-recycling and makes use of of those metals, stratigraphy and host rocks, geochemistry, worldwide distribution of present deposits in six mega continents, genetic approach, reserves-resources assessment, universal attribute positive factors supporting as exploration courses for brand new ambitions, dangers, and sustainable improvement. This reference booklet is a needs to for college students, study students, lecturers, explorers in financial geology, geography, and allied subjects.
- Presents over a hundred and fifty complete colour illustrations together with maps, diagrams, and charts
- Illustrates the most important ideas in a transparent and informative manner
- Authored through one of many world’s major geoscientists
- Provides certain assurance of excessive price mineral deposits via an procedure obtainable to execs, educational researchers, and scholars alike
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Additional resources for Platinum-Nickel-Chromium Deposits. Geology, Exploration and Reserve Base
It generally contains more nickel and consists largely of magnesium-depleted Serpentine to host nickel. Lateritic nickel deposits are located near the surface, generally large size and low grade. Geochemical studies of laterite have been successfully used in exploration for Ni-Cu and gold deposits in Western Australia and an Ni deposit of Kansa at Sukinda Chromite belt, Orissa, India. The majority of lateritic nickel deposits occur in warm and tropical environments under extreme chemical and mechanical weathering, in particular, parallel to north and south of the equator.
The gap between demand and supply primarily depends on availability of ore reserve base, nature of the orebodies, mining technology, mineral processing (beneficiation, smelting, and refining), and price of the metals. The demand-and-supply gap is minimized by adopting advanced technology in all aspects of the mineral industry and balanced by import/export. Part of the demand is substituted for by routine recycling or recovery of metals from scrap. 1 Platinum Group of Metals There are few significant platinum–palladium mining companies in the world.
C obalt-based superalloys are suitable for high-speed steels, gas turbine blades, aircraft engines, cutting tools, diamond tooling, and cemented carbide. • Lithium–cobalt oxide heavy duty batteries with long life. • Electroplating and enamel coats on porcelain products. • Brilliant rich-blue (cobalt-blue) glass, surface coating and coloring on blue pottery and decorative articles. 9 SUBSTITUTES AND RECYCLING Platinum can be partially substituted by palladium in catalytic converters in new technologies.