Plant Secondary Metabolites, Volume 1 - Biological and by Mohammed Wasim Siddiqui

By Mohammed Wasim Siddiqui

This quantity, Plant Secondary Metabolites: quantity 1: organic and healing Significance, offers vital info at the healing and healing roles of secondary metabolites which are found in diversified average meals teams. The publication showcases the purposes of herbal-based nutrition staff and likewise contains the potent software of alternative plant-based meals different types besides. as well as the scientific position of secondary metabolites, different normal assets, reminiscent of micro-algae and bacterial cellulose, also are awarded as efficacious resources of practical components.

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Extra resources for Plant Secondary Metabolites, Volume 1 - Biological and Therapeutic Significance

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The nutritional and therapeutic applications of astaxanthin derived from H. pluvialis are well documented and reviewed by several authors. Among them, the review by Rangarao et al. (2014a,b) thoroughly describes the complete list of biological activities and disease prevention properties of astaxanthin from H. pluvialis. Astaxanthin has been attributed with whole gamut of benefits such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, anticancer, immune modulation, cardioprotective, and hepatoprotective properties.

PUFAs are majorly distributed in the polar lipid fractions of microalgae and contribute to the chloroplast development. Although PUFAs have specific physiological role in cellular metabolism, their composition differ in different class of algae. Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae), the prokaryotic group, are generally low lipid producers with palmitic and oleic acid as major fatty acids. , belonging to the Oscillatoriales order, is an exception synthesizing GLA (C-18:3, n-6) (Hu, 2004). , synthesize ALA as the prominent PUFA, however, with certain exceptions such as Chlorella minutissima, Tetraselmis sp.

However, the extraction of carotenoids are quite challenging in other green microalgae such as H. , S. Microalgae as a Source of Nutritional and Therapeutic Metabolites 31 almeriensis, and others, where these algae possess thick cell wall composed of cellulose. Therefore, the preliminary step involves hydrolysis of algal cell wall. Extraction of astaxanthin from encysted H. pluvialis biomass was achieved using acid pretreatment for cell wall hydrolysis. , 2006). However, addition of inorganic acids may not be suitable for bulk extractions since presence of acid residues in the extracts may induce toxic effects when consumed.

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