Philoponus : on Aristotle meteorology 1.4-9, 12 by John Philoponus, Inna Kupreeva

By John Philoponus, Inna Kupreeva

Of Philoponus' remark on the Meteorology basically that on chapters 1-9 and 12 of the 1st e-book has been preserved. it truly is translated during this sequence in volumes, the 1st masking chapters 1-3; the second one (this quantity) chapters 4-9 and 12. the topics mentioned right here contain the character of fiery and light-weight phenomena within the sky, the formation of comets, the Milky manner, the homes of wet exhalation, and the formation of hail. Philoponus will pay specified realization to the excellence among the plain and the genuine one of the sky phenomena; he criticises Aristotle's thought of the Milky approach as sublunary, and argues for its beginning within the heavenly realm; offers an in depth exposition of Aristotelian conception of antiperistasis, mutual substitute of the new and the chilly, because the mechanism of condensation and comparable procedures. As within the first quantity, Philoponus demonstrates scholarly erudition and familiarity with tools and result of post-Aristotelian Greek technological know-how. regardless of the fragmented kingdom of the paintings and the style of remark, the reader will locate the weather of a coherent photograph of the cosmos in accordance with an intensive re-thinking of Aristotelian meteorology and physics. the amount may be of curiosity to all scholars of historical and medieval philosophy, historical past of Early smooth philosophy, background and philosophy of science.

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Cf. 10, 295,22-3 and Kupreeva 2005, 12. Interestingly, Olympiodorus has it in the reverse order: cooling (and heating) are the proximate and first cause, the sun’s motion the remote and secondary (79,30-2; 83,4-11, n. 389 at 120,17 below). Alexander does not raise the issue of ordering. 77. See n. 389 at 120,17 below. Cf. 55,31, where ‘co-operant’ is in order. For the Stoic concept of sunaition, see Hankinson 1998, 243. 78. 120,25-9. 79. In in Meteor. 3 and passim. 80. 122,4-11. Alexander does not comment on this phrase (44,19-21), but Olympiodorus (84,1-5) thinks that Aristotle refers to smoky exhalation-certainly a sound exegetical option, particularly since Aristotle is explaining specifically the evaporation of moist, as Philoponus himself argues immediately before the discussion of heat.

See Fig. 2 on p. 61 below and a detailed discussion of Hippocrates’ theory in Wilson 2008. 52. See Figs 2 and 3 on pp. 61, 97 below. 53. Ol. 51,12-15. 54. See 79,9-12 and n. 155 ad loc. Olympiodorus spells out this assumption (45,24-7). Ammonius may be the common source of this argument. 55. Cf. previous note. Here again, Philoponus argument exhibits a number of parallels with Olympiodorus’ fourfold classification of common objections: (1) from place; (2) from the multitude (ek tou plêthous); (3) from fixed stars; (4) from destruction.

Lacuna in the text, read: eulogon kai hekastou tôn apotelountôn ton kuklon touton tauto ti to pathos ginesthai (cf. 346a11 above). 115,16-17. End of the lacuna indicated in previous note. The text of the initial sentence could have been something like the following: ton logon touton homoion einai hêgoumetha ton muthon tôi ek tou galaktos tês Hêras phaskonti etc. 126,11. epi ouk agathon ktêsamenôn to peras: ta pros eskhatên Gotthou pepoiêke. to peras MSS (Hayduck obelises), gêras coni Diels. Diels understands the sentence as saying epi ouk agathon ktêsamenôn to gêras: ta tou eskhatên gên oikountos Gotthou pepoiêken, meaning that he did the same as the Goth who inhabits the earth’s limit.

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