By Anna Maria Di Sciullo, Edwin Williams
At the Definition of be aware develops a constant and coherent method of primary questions about morphology and its relation to syntax. In checking out some of the senses during which the notice notice is used, it asserts that 3 suggestions that have usually been pointed out with one another are in reality specified and never coextensive: listemes (linguistic gadgets completely saved via the speaker); morphological gadgets (objects whose form may be characterised in morphological phrases of affixation and compounding); and syntactic atoms (objects which are unanalyzable devices with appreciate to syntax). the 1st bankruptcy defends the concept listemes are specific from the opposite notions, and that each one you'll be able to and will say approximately them is they exist. A concept of morphological items is constructed in bankruptcy . bankruptcy 3 defends the declare that the morphological gadgets are a formal subset of the syntactic atoms, featuring the authors' reconstruction of the real and much-debated Lexical Integrity speculation. a last bankruptcy indicates that there are syntactic atoms which aren't morphological gadgets. Anne Marie Di Sciullo is within the division of Linguistics on the collage of Quebec. Edwin Williams is within the division of Linguistics on the collage of Massachusetts. at the Definition of be aware is Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 14.
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Additional resources for On the Definition of Word (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 14)
Example (33) should interpreted as follows: first, -ness supplies the external argument of the entire word (the "degree" argument R); second, -ness is a functor with respect to complete: the arguments of the predicate to which the head functor applies become arguments of the word as a whole. Rather than introduce a new notation ( / a n d superscripting), we might leave the argument structure unchanged and take the suffix to be a functor by virtue of its semantic type rather than virtue of some element in its argument structure: (34) complete (Th) ness => (R) functor completeness ((Th)R) We might then define the argument structure of derived words as follows: (35) (The argument of the head) and the argument structure of the nonhead if the head is a functor This second notation (or lack of it) for the functor relation embodies the hypothesis that functional cpmposition and 0-role assignment differ in a fundamental way: although a verb may have several 0-roles, it may "com p o s e " with only one item.
The applicative constructions are just like the passive except that there is no controller for the external argument of the stem. Thus the external argument of the stem becomes the external argument of the whole. ) and Kisseberth and Abasheikh (1977). The applied affix of Chi-Mwi:ni (-il) adds an extra accusatively marked internal argument to the verb it is joined with; the argument can be of various types, including Instrumental and Benefactive (illustrated in (53), from Marantz 1985, 231): (53) a.
It cannot satisfy the external argument, (17b), because that argument must pass its index u p the X-bar projection to the maximal projection, and satisfying the external argument within the maximal projection would lead to a contradition: the maximal projection would bear an index indicating that it contained an unsatisfied argument, but that argument would in fact be satisfied. ) So the broad outline of the problem's solution already lies in what we have said about argument structure, and in particular what we have said about the difference between internal and external arguments.