By James H. Howard, Willie Lena
Studies of the Oklahoma phase of the tribe were few, and James H. Howard’s goal in penning this booklet has been to checklist the richness of Seminole tradition within the West, offering that tradition because it is visible and interpreted through its extra conventional individuals in Oklahoma today.
Much of the Seminole tradition is held in universal, yet many transformations have grown up among the 2 teams because the “Trail of Tears” separated them within the 1830s. this doesn't inevitably suggest higher acculturation to white methods by means of the Oklahoma Seminoles. In a few circumstances the Oklahomans are the extra conventional, in that they preserve cultural varieties pointed out in early documents yet lengthy forgotten in Florida.
Howard records contributions from many people, however the maximum quantity of knowledge got here from Willie Lena, a Seminole city leader who lives in Wewoka, Oklahoma. Born in 1912 and reared via his conservative grandparents, Lena used to be protected against the white tradition in the course of his early life and punctiliously educated in Seminole methods and values. well-known given that his adolescence as a traditionalist chief, Lena has a full of life intelligence, creative expertise, and a hot character that experience led him to function an enthusiastic ambassador of his personal tradition either to the more youthful new release of Seminoles and Creeks and to non-Indians as well.
In an in depth file of Seminole tradition because it is located in Oklahoma at the present time, Howard has integrated chapters on natural and non-herbal treatments, magic and witchcraft, supernaturals, the fairway Corn rite, the night dances and different ceremonials, activities and video games, mortuary practices, and different facets of the Seminole international. in response to firsthand details and vast fieldwork, Howard’s descriptions are beautiful and rapid. He additionally monitors broad wisdom of the comparable literature, and parallel fabric recorded in past resources is frequently brought up for comparability. Lena’s illustrations upload extra curiosity and authenticity to the book.
Seminole tradition, with its specified attitudes and ideology and relatively Southeastern Indian worldview, has persevered inspite of greater than 400 years of publicity to ecu and American tradition. it really is really transparent from the cloth provided during this e-book that there'll stay American Indians in Oklahoma who proudly name themselves “Seminole” for a few years to come.
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Extra resources for Oklahoma Seminoles Medicines, Magic and Religion (Civilization of the American Indian Series)
Oklahoma Seminole grave houses south of Wewoka, Oklahoma 248 Figures 1. Shape of a Kapvpockv leaf, a Seminole beadwork design 61 2. A medicine pouch used to store kapvpockv 61 3. Layout and seating of clans at Tallahassee square ground 112 4. Method employed in locating the sacred fire 132 5. Placing the four logs for the sacred fire, and placing the ears of sacrificial corn 133 Page xiv 6. An Oklahoma Seminole sacred bundle 154 7. Dividing the players for a match ball game 196 8. A stave cut to make a ballstick 201 9.
By 1868, the various Seminole bands had left their refugee locations elsewhere in Indian Territory and settled in the area that became known as the Seminole Nation. Here, finally, they were allowed to settle in peace, and they began to rebuild their shattered tribal structure. A council house was erected at Wewoka, which was designated the capital of the Nation. The government consisted of a principal chief, a second chief, a national council of forty-two members, and a company of lighthorsemen (mounted police).
Bonnie graduated from East Central State College in Ada this year. Ella graduated from Bacone. Amos graduated from New Lima high school, and jimmy will graduate from high school next year if he goes back. In all my life I was never in any bad trouble. I was crippled in 1934 when I was trying to break up a fight between two Indian boys and I got stabbed in the knee. Before then I was a fast runner. 9. Nineteen-thirty-four was the last year I played stickball. In 1935 I was stabbed again. I was on crutches.