By James R Libby
This publication used to be written with a twin goal, as a reference booklet for training engineers and as a textbook for college kids of prestressed concrete. It represents the 5th iteration of books in this topic written by means of its writer. major additions and revisions were made during this variation. Chapters 2 and three comprise new fabric meant to help the engineer in knowing components affecting the time-dependent homes of the reinforcement and urban utilized in prestressing concrete, in addition to to facilitate the assessment in their results on prestress loss and deflection. Flexural energy, shear power, and bond of prestressed concrete contributors have been handled in one bankruptcy within the of flexural power has 3rd version. Now, within the fourth version, the remedy been accelerated, with extra emphasis on pressure compatibility, and positioned in bankruptcy five that's dedicated to this topic by myself. bankruptcy 6 of this version, on flexural-shear energy, torsional energy, and bond of prestressed make stronger ment, used to be elevated to incorporate discussions of Compression box thought and torsion that weren't taken care of within the prior variants. In comparable type, increased discussions of lack of prestress, deflection, and partial prestressing now are offered individually, in bankruptcy 7. Minor additions and revisions were made to the fabric inside the last chapters except for xv xvi I PREFACE bankruptcy 17. This bankruptcy, that's dedicated to building issues, has very important new fabric on constructibility and tolerances as regarding prestressed concrete.
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Additional info for Modern Prestressed Concrete: Design Principles and Construction Methods
Types I (normal), II (modified), and III (high early strength) cements, conforming to ASTM C150, all are used extensively, as are the air-entraining blends, Types lA, IIA, and lIlA. All give satisfactory results under specific local conditions if properly used. Type III cement is intended for use when high early strength is desired. Because high early strength can permit prestressing at an earlier than usual age, the time required to produce prestressed concrete members, especially under plant conditions, sometimes is reduced through its use.
I) Ci5 iii c: u:: 30 20 10 [7 1/ 10 / 20 V V / 30 40 Initial Stress Ratio = Fig. 2-11. 1 0 % Offset Stress fy Effect of jacking stress on the final stress of prestressing steel subjected to constant strain (relaxation). STEEL FOR PRESTRESSING I 27 In the fabrication of pretensioned concrete members, the tendons are stressed to a jacking stress, held at constant elongation for a period of time, and then released. At the time when the prestressing force is transferred to the concrete (tendons released), the stress in the tendons, ~, is less than the original jacking stress, Isj • This is due to the relaxation than has taken place in the interval between stressing and transfer.
Small diameter or relatively large surface area for the individual tendons to achieve good bond characteristics. Absence of dirt and lubricants on the surface. Straightness when uncoiled to facilitate handling and placing. No material known has all of these desirable qualities, but the high-strength steels currently used possess most of them. 2-15 Allowable Prestressing Steel Stresses The two most significant design criteria for prestressed concrete in the United States are the Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, which is published by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO 1989), and the Building Code Requirements for Reinforced Concrete (ACI 318 1989), published by the American Concrete Institute.