Metals, Energy and Sustainability: The Story of Doctor by Barry Golding, Suzanne D. Golding

By Barry Golding, Suzanne D. Golding

This e-book explains how and the place copper and fossil fuels have been shaped and the most likely destiny for the extraction of copper and coal. the vibrant chronology of our efforts to extract metals from minerals and effort from fossil fuels is gifted from earliest occasions until eventually the current day. The tricky notion of human sustainability is tested within the context of constantly lowering actual costs of strength and metals. This e-book integrates the most recent findings on our old use of know-how to continually produce more cost-effective metals even supposing ore grades were lowering. additionally, it exhibits that the speed of technological development needs to bring up if metals are to be produced much more cost effectively within the future.

Show description

Read Online or Download Metals, Energy and Sustainability: The Story of Doctor Copper and King Coal PDF

Best mineralogy books

Mine Safety: A Modern Approach

The excessive variety of deadly injuries within the mining makes mine safeguard a huge factor in the course of the global. the hazards to lifestyles are common, starting from airborne dirt and dust explosions and the cave in of mine stopes to flooding and normal mechanical error. Mine safeguard combines designated info on safeguard in mining with equipment and arithmetic that may be used to maintain human existence.

Chemistry, Process Design, and Safety for the Nitration Industry

This is often the 3rd ACS Symposium sequence publication facing nitration, the 1st having been released in 1976 and 1996. the character of this 2013 booklet displays the adjustments around the world in method safeguard administration, and geographies of analysis and production. The contributions to this e-book have been first provided on the 243rd ACS nationwide assembly in San Diego, California in March of 2012, within the business and Chemical Engineering department.

Extra resources for Metals, Energy and Sustainability: The Story of Doctor Copper and King Coal

Sample text

4 are as received (ar) and dry ash free (daf). The percentage of moisture reported on an as received basis is the percentage of moisture in the coal in the sample as it arrived at the laboratory. Providing the sample was well sealed when sampled, the as received moisture is equivalent to the moisture as sampled. If the sample is immediately taken from a core of coal from an exploration drill hole, it will be similar to the in situ state of the coal. 4. 12 Pyrolysis is a thermochemical decomposition of organic material at elevated temperatures in the absence of oxygen.

13 Miners in Cornwall traditionally ate meat and potato pasties underground. Assuming a traditional Cornish pasty contains 500 calories, miner’s crib tins (lunchboxes) could be quite large. 5 Energy per kilogram of coal in various units MJ Kilocalories BTU Watt 25 5970 23,700 6940 hours Several other coal properties are important when purchasing coal, one of the most important being the percentage of sulfur in the coal. , the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 mandated reductions in sulfur dioxide emissions from electric power plants.

Between these two extremes is a wide band of bituminous coals, the most abundant form of coal. 4 have been selected to differentiate the categories of coal based on rank. However, although the rank classification is based on the amount of metamorphism, coal is mostly classified according to its behaviour when burnt and so bituminous coal has been divided into thermal and coking. Whilst a coking coal may be used in power stations, thermal coals do not coke and therefore are not used in steel making.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.48 of 5 – based on 45 votes