Managing Manure: How to Store, Compost, and Use Organic by Mark Kopecky

By Mark Kopecky

Anyone who increases farm animals or retains horses needs to care for manure. This Storey fundamentals® advisor exhibits you the way to make this technique plausible, beneficial, or even ecocnomic. natural dairy farmer and soil scientist Mark Kopecky explains the basics of storing, composting, and spreading manure; the dietary content material of manure from a number of animals; and the way to address, shipping, and marketplace manure for extra source of revenue. You’ll quickly observe that your farm’s waste can be its largest asset. 

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Extra info for Managing Manure: How to Store, Compost, and Use Organic Livestock Wastes. A Storey BASICS®Title

Example text

Cattle dung can be either cakey (when cattle are fed low-quality hay or graze overmature pastures) or very runny (in high-producing dairy cattle or any livestock grazing on lush pastures or other extremely high-quality forages). Small ruminants (sheep, goats, and rabbits) usually have nicely formed, relatively dry, pelletized feces. Horses tend to make bigger “balls” of manure (sometimes called horse apples). Swine have stools that are poorly formed and quite wet. Poultry manure is a bit drier, but it’s very concentrated and is a mixture of both solid and liquid waste, since birds don’t urinate.

Add amendments to help stabilize some of the nitrogen and enrich the nutrient value of the manure. See facing page. Amending Manure to Enhance Nutrient Value Amendments are products added to manure to improve its nutrient characteristics. They may help protect some of the nitrogen from being lost, or they may increase the concentration of various plant nutrients. Gypsum The same material that constitutes wallboard, gypsum (hydrated calcium sulfate) is a soft mineral that is commonly used as a soil amendment in organic farming, and it’s becoming more popular in conventional crop farming, as well.

If you keep liquid manure or a slurry in a confined area, be very careful when you are working in the containment facility. Liquid manure gives off hydrogen sulfide gas, which is poisonous. In addition, the air around liquid manure systems may have higher carbon dioxide and lower oxygen levels than ordinary atmospheric air. Many farmers have died in these types of facilities. If you need to work in an enclosed liquid manure storage facility, ventilate it well before you go in, and always have someone observing you from nearby for safety.

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