Interviewing in Depth: The Interactive-Relational Approach by John T. Chirban

By John T. Chirban

In-depth interviews are used broadly around the social sciences by means of qualitative researchers and execs. the normal, empirical interview doesn't enhance a courting among the interviewer and interviewee and minimizes the interviewer's own response to the interviewee. in lots of circumstances, this interviewing type is acceptable and adequate for amassing information. notwithstanding, what if the interviewer seeks a extra profound exploration and fuller knowing of the person being studied? This quantity provides a helpful substitute interviewing process - the interactive-relational - that promotes a clearer, deeper portrait of the individual interviewed. this system encourages the interviewer to take part extra

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30). Oakley's comments remain consistent with a basic principle of feminist studies that aims at validating women's subjective experiences. In agreement, the I:R approach considers subjective experience as part of a more comprehensive report. Some of the significant areas shared between women's studies research and the I:R approach include (a) the social and personal characteristics of the interviewer, (b) the interviewee's feelings about being interviewed and about the interview, (c) the interviewer's feelings about his or her interviewees, (d) the quality of the interviewer-interviewee interaction, (e) I he hospitality offered by interviewees to interviewers, (f) the attempts by 26 INTERVIEWING IN DEPTH interviewers to use interviewees as sources of information, and (g) the extension of interviewer-interviewee encounters into more broadly based social relationships.

Anthony Barrand (1988) observed that we reduce meaning to techniques that can recreate a particular experience. He explained that participation in the process of understanding meaning brings one to an experience quite different from what an examination of the sum of the parts allows: "Beauty and meaning lie not in having all the parts . . but in how they relate to each other" (pp. 27, 31). In a similar way, Carini stated that meaning is not a thing, an object, or an entity itself. Rather, the word meaning designates the experience of a relationship that enhances and makes more vivid both the events and the people it joins.

By acknowledging one's viewpoints, one's honest exchange invites the interviewee to respond in kind, thereby engaging reciprocity. Honest exchange also sets the stage for attunement. In practice, authenticity takes precedence over the imitation of qualities of a theoretical or a professional stance. Therefore, one develops a particular adaptation of I:R on the basis of one's own qualities. Carl Rogers (1951) advocated using empathy as a required element of interviewing theory. Carl Rogers's effective use of empathy genuinely conveyed his characteristics.

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