Immunology at a glance by J. H. L. Playfair

By J. H. L. Playfair

Immunology at a Glance presents a straightforward evaluation of the body’s defence mechanisms. perfect from day certainly one of a clinical, biomedical or lifestyles technological know-how direction, the textual content starts with a easy evaluation of either adaptive and innate immunity, earlier than progressing to utilized immunological innovations, which examine what occurs while issues get it wrong, and the way, in scientific medication, every one physique process might be tormented by immunity.

Each double-page unfold corresponds to a standard lecture and diagrammatically summarises center ideas in immunology, via obtainable schematic diagrams on left-hand pages, with key issues concisely summarised at the right-hand web page. There also are self-assessment essay questions so that you can try out your knowledge.

New for this tenth edition:

  • Thoroughly up-to-date and reorganised chapters provide higher readability and more uncomplicated figuring out for these new to the subject
  • New chapters on cytokine receptors and ‘Immunology within the Laboratory’
  • A thoroughly re-written part on autoimmunity
  • A fresh spouse site that includes self-assessment questions and PowerPoint slides of pictures from the ebook, excellent for educating and revision at www.ataglanceseries.com/immunology

Immunology at a Glance is the precise spouse for someone approximately to begin a brand new path in immunology and may attract scientific and biomedical technology scholars. excellent for examination training, it presents the innovations and frameworks you must achieve your exam.

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Sample text

Fab: antigen-binding fragment (papain digestion). • Fc: crystallizable (because relatively homogeneous) fragment (papain digestion). • F(ab)2: two Fab fragments united by disulphide bonds (pepsin digestion). Affinity and avidity The strength of binding between one V domain and an antigen is called the affinity of the antibody (see Fig. 20). Typically, it is of the order of 108 L/mol or above. However, antibody molecules have two, or in the case of IgM 10, identical binding domains. If the antigen recognized also has repeated units, such as the surface of many bacteria or viruses, one antibody molecule can make multiple attachments to the same target antigen.

A, B, C The classic human class I genes that present processed peptide antigens to the antigen receptor of CD8 T cells. A is the homologue of K in the mouse. K, D, L The class I genes of H2, coding for the α chain (MW 44 000), which in combination with β2-microglobulin (see below) makes up the four-domain K, D and L molecules or ‘antigens’. β2M β2-Microglobulin (MW 12 000), coded quite separately from the MHC, nevertheless forms part of all class I molecules, stabilizing them on the cell surface.

Indeed, the classification of lymphocytes themselves, and of most other cells too, is now mainly based on patterns of reactivity with a large range of monoclonal typing antibodies (see Appendix III). In the case of T cells, it is also possible to keep them prolifer­ ating indefinitely in culture by judicious application of their specific antigen and non-specific growth factors such as IL-2 (see Figs 23 and 24). The properties of the resulting lines or clones have given much information on the regulation of normal T-cell function.

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