By Stolz, Thomas, Thomas Stolz, Dik Bakker, Rosa Salas Palomo
Actually 1000s of languages world-wide have skilled direct or oblique Hispanisation through the heyday of the Spanish colonial empire. The variety of languages which proceed to borrow from Spanish each day is massive specifically in Latin the USA. This volumeÂ gives the reader a greater thought of the diversity of touch constellations within which Spanish features because the donor language. additionally, the contributions to this choice of articles reveal that it isn't merely attainable to check the contact-induced tactics within the (Hispanised) languages of Austronesia and the Americas. it really is emphasised that it is easy to draw far-reaching conclusions from the provided borrowing evidence for the idea of language touch normally. the quantity is split into sections in keeping with geographical ideas: part I is dedicated to contacts of Spanish in Latin the United States. contributions examine the Hispanisation of types of Nahuatl (Classical Nahuatl studied by way of Anne Jensen and smooth types studied via JosÃ© Antonio Flores FarfÃ¡n). Martina Schrader-Kniffki discusses Spanish-Zapotec contacts and their family to language blending and purism. Luciano Giannelli and Raoul Zamponi deal with the difficulty of Hispanisms in Kuna, a language from Panama. For South the United States, Jorge GÃ³mez-RendÃ³n discusses even if there are constraints on lexical borrowing from Spanish into Imbabura Quichua. Suzanne Dikker stories the intertwined language Media Lengua in her test at redefining the proposal of relexification. part II makes a speciality of the impression of Spanish at the languages of Austronesia and South-East Asia. Steven Roger Fischer indicates that the heavy Hispanisation of Rapanui is presently being reverted. Steve Pagel compares Hispanisation methods and their ends up in the Mariana Islands and on Rapa Nui. the second one comparative research is through Patri
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Extra resources for Hispanisation: The Impact of Spanish on the Lexicon and Grammar of the Indigenous Languages of Austronesia and the Americas
Spanish no hay de que) Other calques that probably originated in speakers of Nahuatl as a second language include: (38) a. kenon t-unka-ø-ø? ’ (cf. Spanish ¿cómo estás? ) Compare these with greetings in more conservative Nahuatl varieties, in which more specific forms are utilized. For instance, in much more vital varieties of the language one pinpoints the time of the day when one greets, as in: 42 José Antonio Flores Farfán (38) b. keenoon oo-ti-mo-tlaaihuii-ti-ø-ø? ’ Nevertheless, even in conservative varieties a series of innovations modelled on Spanish greetings are encountered, such as a Hispanised equivalent of (38b): (38) c.
1993 The book of tributes. Early sixteenth-century Morelos Censuses from Morelos. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center Publications. ) 1983 Aztekischer Zensus. Zur indianischen Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft im Marquesado um 1540. Band I & II. Hannover: Verlag für Ethnologie. Jensen, Anne 1995/97 Field notes. forthc. a The emergence of progressive aspect in Modern Nahuatl. forthc. b Syntactic changes in Nahuatl – contact-induced or not? Karttunen, Frances and James Lockhart 1976 Nahuatl in the Middle Years.
Compare (13d) and (13e): 34 José Antonio Flores Farfán (13) d. lo vinieron a tirar on konel ‘They came to throw the child away’ (Godínez 2002: 126) e. ay nokonel, ya tiak timonamiktia! (Godínez 2002: 75) ‘Oh my son, you are already going to get married’ As suggested here, highly simplified varieties favour all types of convergence in both directions, yet favouring the phonological and lexical convergence towards more Spanish items as shown in (13a) and (14), even when there are originally Nahuatl.