By Avigdor Shinan, Visit Amazon's Yair Zakovitch Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Yair Zakovitch, , Valerie Zakovitch
The traditional Israelites believed issues that the writers of the Bible sought after them to disregard: myths and legends from a pre-biblical global that the recent monotheist order had to bury, cover, or reinterpret. historical Israel used to be wealthy in such literary traditions ahead of the Bible reached the ultimate shape that we've got this present day. those traditions weren't misplaced yet persisted, handed down throughout the a while. Many controlled to arrive us in post-biblical resources: rabbinic literature, Jewish Hellenistic writings, the writings of the useless Sea sect, the Aramaic, Greek, Latin, and different old translations of the Bible, or even open air the traditional Jewish international in Christian and Islamic texts. The Bible itself occasionally alludes to those traditions, frequently in stunning contexts. Written in transparent and available language, this quantity offers thirty such traditions. It voyages in the back of the veil of the written Bible to reconstruct what was once instructed and retold one of the old Israelites, no matter if it truly is “not what the Bible tells us.”
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Extra info for From Gods to God: How the Bible Debunked, Suppressed, or Changed Ancient Myths and Legends
Indeed, this is the image of the paradisiacal snake that we find in the pseudepigraphic book Life of Adam and Eve. Here, when God curses the serpent, God says, “You shall crawl on your belly, and you shall be deprived of your hands as well as your feet. There shall be left for you neither ear nor wing” (26:3). Other ancient sources also represent the pre-sin serpent as having legs, hands, or wings. 4) and in a number of different Rabbinic sources, for example, Genesis Rabbah 20:5 (“When the Holy One blessed be He told him ‘on your belly you shall crawl,’ the ministering angels came down and cut off its hands and feet”) and Targum PseudoJonathan to Genesis 3:14.
The immortal serpent as the source of life plays a role in the mythologies of the ancient Near East. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, for example (tablet 11, lines 289–301), the snake steals from Gilgamesh a special plant that has the power to reinvigorate, to retain one’s youth, and so gains what he denies humankind: immortality. Perhaps this belief developed out of snakes’ regular shedding of their skin and their reemergence as though reborn. The Rabbis, unlike the ancient Babylonians, underscored what is not overtly stated in the Torah: the snake is mortal, and the excruciating pain that it experiences from shedding its skin is just one more of its punishments: “And [God] punished him that he will shed his skin once every seven years with great suffering” (Pirkei de-Rabbi Eliezer 14).
They were the heroes of old, the men of renown” (6:4). The intermingling of domains is a recurring transgression in the Hebrew Bible, one that inevitably brings God’s quick response. ” (Genesis 3:22). The builders of the Tower of Babel were also punished — dispersed over all the earth — after they tried to cross another of God’s boundaries by climbing to heaven (see chapter 6). Snug between these two tales of humanity’s aspirations to become like God, our story relates a disturbance that originates from the other direction: divine beings descending to earth.