Encyclopedia of American Folklore (Facts on File Library of by Linda S Watts

By Linda S Watts

Folklore has been defined because the unwritten literature of a tradition: its songs, tales, sayings, video games, rituals, ideals, and methods of existence. This paintings is helping readers discover issues, phrases, issues, figures, and matters regarding this well known topic. It addresses the wishes of a number of audiences, together with highschool, collage and public libraries.

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Several famous figures were associated with the movement, including Frank Lloyd Wright, Gustav Stickley, and Louis Comfort Tiffany. Their work—in architecture, furniture, and glasswork, respectively—represented the high end of arts and crafts homes. The majority of houses inspired by the movement, however, were more modest examples created by artisans laboring in relative anonymity. Such homes can still be found throughout the United States, with many original architectural elements intact. The now-familiar architectural form known as the “bungalow” had its origins in this movement.

Vernacular forms associated with Appalachia include log houses and other elements of folk architecture. The region has also been home to rich traditions in folk music, dance, speech, and crafts. Appalachian folk festivals have been taking place since the 1920s. The publication of Allen Eaton’s influential book Handicrafts of the Southern Highlands helped increase awareness of Appalachian folk culture. Agencies such as the Southern Highland Handicrafts Guild Appalachian folklore have also helped publicize the way of life once insular to Appalachia.

Although such items seldom consist of verbal material, they can nonetheless speak to the scholar prepared to attend to their encoded cultural messages. Unlike works of art, artifacts need not be items of intrinsic costliness or great beauty to interest scholars. In fact, an artifact can be any item that, whether created or altered for a purpose, reveals practices or values of the culture in which it was fashioned and/or used. Consequently, such objects are collected not necessarily for their market or aesthetic value, but chiefly for their power as historical evidence.

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