Discourse and Grammar: Focussing and Defocussing in English by Peter Erdmann

By Peter Erdmann

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Times 5 June 74, 22: 8) Inversion is rare in dependent W H - questions, in both standard and nonstandard English. I asked where was a good place to go. g. Be quiet! and Hurry! The addressee can be mentioned by name. This applies equally to affirmative and negative imperative sentences. As to form, the addressee can be a pronoun in either the second or third person, or a 31 nominal group. g. Somebody open this door, please! The expression referring to the addressee can precede the zero form of the predicator.

Don't me. Not to be confused with this type of phrase are used for cursing and swearing which you such as Damn you! , in unmentioned, but to the object, which is referentially identical with him/ her, as is made clear by the following example: {You) fuck yourself! As already mentioned, the addressee can also be a third-person pronoun or a nominal group. g. Somebody give me a hand, won't you! "Swim - everybody swim"... (Adams, Dowtt 21) "Stop firing! Everybody stop firing!... g. Don't anybody move!

Wilson, Zoo: 86) Implicit negative expressions vary in their grammatical status, as do the explicit type. Only, which is a kind of implicit negative particle, occurs in conjunction with adverbial, nominal and verbal groups, and causes inversion when placed in front of the subject. g. of time, place, frequency, condition and manner, is the rule. Only after she had gone did I feel... her heart beating violently against my heart. (Murdoch, Child: 118) Only with his father had he spoken English, and his father was a man of few words.

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