By Craig L. Symonds
From thunderous broadsides traded among wood crusing ships on Lake Erie, to the provider battles of worldwide warfare II, to the devastating high-tech motion within the Persian Gulf, here's a gripping heritage of 5 key battles that outlined the evolution of naval warfare--and the process the yank state.
Acclaimed army historian Craig Symonds deals spellbinding narratives of an important engagements, exhibiting how every one conflict finds the transformation of know-how and weaponry from one struggle to the subsequent; how those in flip remodeled naval wrestle; and the way each one occasion marked a milestone in American historical past.
• Oliver probability Perry's heroic victory at Lake Erie, one of many final nice battles of the Age of Sail, which secured the Northwestern frontier for the U.S.
• The brutal Civil warfare duel among the ironclads visual display unit and Virginia, which sounded the loss of life knell for wooden-hulled warships and doomed the Confederacy's wish of besting the Union army
• Commodore Dewey's wonderful triumph at Manila Bay in 1898, the place the U.S. displayed its "new navy" of steel-hulled ships firing explosive shells and wrested an empire from a fading eu energy
• The hairsbreadth American victory at halfway, the place plane providers introduced planes opposed to enemies two hundred miles away--and the place the tide of global battle II became within the house of some livid mins
• Operation Praying Mantis within the Persian Gulf, the place desktops, ship-fired missiles, and "smart bombs" not just replaced the character of struggle at sea, but in addition marked a brand new period, and a brand new accountability, for the USA.
Symonds files those encounters intimately so bright that readers can pay attention the wind within the rigging and suppose the pounding of the weapons. but he areas each conflict in a large viewpoint, revealing their importance to America's improvement because it grew from a brand new Republic at the fringe of a threatening frontier to a world superpower.
Decision at Sea is a strong and illuminating examine pivotal moments within the historical past of the military and of the USA. it's also a compelling examine of the unchanging calls for of management at sea, the place commanders needs to make quick judgements within the warmth of conflict with lives--and the destiny of nations--hanging within the stability.
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Extra resources for Decision at Sea: Five Naval Battles That Shaped American History
We estimate that 75 percent of the uniformed personnel in theater got there as passengers on a lift aircraft. For a service-by-service breakdown of personnel in the Gulf, see Coyne (1992a), p. 37. BAttributed to General H. T. ll The level of effort varied significantly over cent by KC- I0s of the Strategic Air Command,9 and the remainder by civil air craft (both CRAF and volunteers). l o Table 3 . 1 summarizes the missions flown these, 77 percent were flown by organic MAC airlifters (C-5s and C - 1 4 1 s) , 3 per tary Airlift Command (MAC) controlled just under 1 5,000 airlift missions.
S. attention as never before on the Gulf region. S. S. military ca pabilities in the region. The United States expanded the base at Diego Garcia, procured maritime prepositioning ships (to be based at Diego Garcia and at Guam) and Marine equipment, sold a great deal of equipment and munitions to regional states, and developed a series of base-access agreements. S. interests. S. S. military power. The con trast with Korea and Vietnam could not have been more stark. The air weapon available to the United States had been improved, tested, and made ready.
35 34 GWAPS RAND's Project AIR FORCE conducted a similar parallel analysis during the summer of 1990 that further sensitized Air Force leadership to the relevant requirements and capabilities associated with the defense of the Gulf. 33 duction and pricing policies. The next day, Saddam Hussein threatened the use of force to resolve these grievances. S. 36 different observers in different ways. the indications available painted an ambiguous picture that was interpreted by quent events. But the course of those events was uncertain before the fact, and The massing of Iraqi forces near the Kuwait border in July foreshadowed subse will return to this subject in the next chapter when we examine the force de ployment.