By Alan Holden
This essentially illustrated clarification the fundamental rules of crystals may possibly be used as a textual content or supplementary sourcebook by means of high-school scholars (for which it was once initially written), scholars on the junior university or undergraduate point, or the overall reader with an curiosity in technological know-how.
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Additional resources for Crystals and Crystal Growing
In any case, "solid" or not, a glass is not crystalline. The cut-glass punch bowl, which is "crystal" to the shop- Fig. 11. The atomic arrangement in a glass has no order extending a long distance, but there is usually some short-range orderliness. In this example each black atom has three white atoms around it, at a fixed distance and at the corners of an equilateral triangle. < previous page page_45 next page > < previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 keeper, is not crystal to the physicist.
When a solid vaporizes into a surrounding gas, its molecules are dispersed into a space thinly occupied by other molecules. When a solid dissolves in a liquid, its molecules are dispersed into a quite densely occupied space. But in both instances the ability of the substance to disperse increases with temperature.
Crystals of a substance will usually contain very little, if any, of the other substances present when the crystals formed. If you add sugar to the salt solution which you evaporate to get salt cubes, the salt cubes will contain almost no sugar. There are some cases, however, in which mixtures of different substances will combine in an orderly way. The < previous page page_31 next page > < previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 alloy of mercury and silver shown in Plate 2 is one. Mercury alone will form crystals in which the atoms are arranged in one kind of orderliness, and silver alone will form crystals with another kind of orderliness.