Criminal Law by Jacqueline Martin

By Jacqueline Martin

Key proof Key instances: felony legislation will make sure you grab the most ideas of your felony legislation module comfortably. This publication explains the proof and linked case legislation for:

  • the very important innovations of actus reus, mens rea and strict liability
  • the major deadly and non-fatal offences opposed to the person
  • a wide selection of estate offences
  • general defences
  • the themes of participation and inchoate offences


Key proof Key Cases is the fundamental sequence for someone learning legislations at LLB, postgraduate and conversion classes. The sequence presents the easiest and greatest option to soak up and hold the entire fabric crucial for passing your checks. every one bankruptcy includes:

  • diagrams at first of chapters to summarise key points
  • structured headings and numbered issues to permit for transparent bear in mind of the basic points
  • charts and tables to collapse extra advanced information

Chapters also are supported by means of a Key Cases part which supplies the best and optimum solution to take up and memorise crucial circumstances wanted for examination success.

  • Essential and best instances are explained
  • The kind, structure and motives are consumer pleasant
  • Cases are damaged down into key elements via use of a transparent method of symbols for speedy and straightforward visible recognition

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Extra info for Criminal Law

Sample text

She died of a heart attack before she could drink it. The defendant did not cause her death; he was not guilty of murder, though he was guilty of attempted murder. 2 Legal cause 1 The defendant’s conduct must be more than a ‘minimal’ cause of the consequence (Cato (1976)), but it need not be a substantial cause. 2 The defendant’s conduct need not be the only cause; another’s act may have contributed to the consequence. 3 Intervening act 1 The chain of causation can be broken by: ● an act of a third party; ● the victim’s own act; or ● a natural but unpredictable event.

3 Similarly, in Quayle (2005), the defendant argued that the refusal to allow him the defence of necessity in respect of his use of cannabis for extreme physical pain was a breach of Art 8. This Article gives a right to respect for a person’s private life. This challenge also failed. 4 In G (2008), a minority of the Law Lords held that prosecuting D, aged 15, under s 5 Sexual Offences Act 2003 (rape of a child) was disproportionate and a breach of Art 8 when the sexual intercourse was consensual and D could have been charged under s 13 of the Act.

This is important from an academic point of view. These sources are: ● common law (judge-made); ● statutory (defined in an Act of Parliament); ● regulatory (set out in delegated legislation). 4 Classifying by the type of harm caused by the crime When studying criminal law it is usual to study offences according to the type of harm caused. The main categories here are: ● offences against the person; ● offences against property; ● offences against public order. 4 Elements of a crime 1 For all crimes, except crimes of strict liability (see Chapter 4), there are two elements that must be proved by the prosecution.

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