Connectionist approaches to clinical problems in speech and by Raymond G. Daniloff

By Raymond G. Daniloff

Connectionist debts of language acquisition, processing, and dissolution proliferate regardless of assaults from a few linguists, cognitive scientists, and engineers. even supposing the networks of exquisitely interconnected perceptrons postulated via PDP theorists will not be anatomically homologous with genuine mind anatomy, a turning out to be physique of analysis means that the posited community features can aid many human behaviors. This quantity brings jointly individuals with various backgrounds and views to discover, for the 1st time, the medical implications of whole-language connectionist types. Demonstrating that those types are strong and feature defined many phenomena of language acquisition, language treatment, and speech processing, specifically on the engineering point, they concentration particularly on purposes of connectionist concept to not on time language, aphasia, phonological acquisition, and speech conception. Connectionist versions, they finish, provide a brand new interpretive framework for the dialogue of knowledge processing in people and different animals that would be of significant software to all those that examine language and search to interfere in language issues.

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Additional info for Connectionist approaches to clinical problems in speech and language: therapeutic and scientific applications

Sample text

This construction takes place according to a process of assimilating new information into existing cognitive structures, while simultaneously making accommodations or changes in existing structures to incorporate new information or distinctions. When new information is assimilated or is successfully accommodated to existing structures, or schemas, a state of equilibrium is reached. When information cannot be integrated, a state of disequilibruim exists, resulting in cognitive dissonance. In connectionist terms, the process of assimilation occurs when sensory input activates patterns of connectivity within already formed networks of units that match, or are a close fit for the stimuli (Goscheke & Koppelberg, 1991).

The SDS developmental model of integrated functioning, Baton Rouge, LA: EleMentory. Page 16 model (Norris & Hoffman, 1997). This model describes integration of cognitive, social, and semiotic domains, accounting for changing characteristics across time and across activities. Situational Context In a connectionist network, organizing properties will cause changes to occur across three dimensions, designated as situational, discourse, and semantic contexts in the SDS:D model (Norris & Hoffman, 1993).

Extending Representational Schemas Patterns of connectivity for single objects develop as they are in focus or being manipulated. But in actuality, no object is ever experienced in isolation. Rather, objects are always part of a larger event in which the object, the person(s) handling it, and other objects are simultaneously part of the scene (Nelson, 1996). Furthermore, a scene is never experienced as a static event, but rather dynamically as actions and changing states move the event forward.

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