By Prof. Dr. Uwe M. Borghoff, Prof. Dr. Johann H. Schlichter (auth.)
The phrases groupware and CSCW (computer-supported cooperative paintings) have obtained major recognition in desktop technological know-how and similar disciplines for relatively your time now. This publication is a revised and prolonged model of the second variation of the German textbook "Rechnergestützte Gruppenarbeit: Eine Einführung in verteilte Anwendungen". It has major ambitions: first, to stipulate the which means of either phrases, and moment, to show either the numer ous possibilities for clients of groupware and the dangers of employing such sys tems. The booklet intends to introduce a space of allotted structures, particularly the pc help of people attempting to resolve a typical challenge in cooperation with one another yet now not unavoidably having exact paintings pi aces or operating occasions. Computer-supported cooperative paintings is an interdisciplinary software area. it may be considered as a synergism among the components of dispensed sys tems and (multimedia-) verbal exchange at the one hand and among these of data technological know-how and socio-organizational conception however. therefore, the publication is intended to assist scholars of aH those disciplines, as weH as clients and builders of platforms that have conversation and cooperation inside of teams as best priorities.
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Extra resources for Computer-Supported Cooperative Work: Introduction to Distributed Applications
__ . --_ .. answer I 8 I I I I I I 4 5 d ient stub server stub 7 3 6 2 network code message tran fer network code Fig. 23. Usage of stubs within a distributed application filter functions. In this context, the dient stub is responsible for specifying the requested service operation, for assigning the call to the correct server, and for preparing the parameters in the transmission format. , it decodes the result values and provides them in the format understood by the dient application. , through a table lookup), and for calling the service operation with parameters set in the correct local format.
Finally, in case 4 this latter distribution of the database is the main focus. Possibly, the distribution could end up with a local and a remote replica of the entire database stored at the client and the server site respectively. If the entire database has been replicated, or even if just some relevant parts of the database have been replicated, updates conceming replicated data must then be propagated to both the client and the server site. This increases network traflic and makes the protocols more complex and more expensive, especially when replication transparency is desired.
In this case, if the pipe is fuH, producers cannot perform a write operation. When limiting the buffer capacity of a pipe to a single message, synchronization and sequentialization are easy to achieve between the concurrently running producers and consumers. 4 Client-Server Model We can see a trend in system software design to provide needed functionality by means of user processes. The dient-server model together with its applications support this trend. A good example is the operating system Mach that displaces functionality from the system kernel to user processes (Acetta et al.