Communist China and Tibet: The First Dozen Years by George Ginsburgs, Michael Mathos

By George Ginsburgs, Michael Mathos

The signing in Peking on might 27, 1951, of the 17-point contract on Measures for the peaceable Liberation of Tibet marked the top of Tibet's most recent forty-year interlude of de facto independence and formalized an association which, even supposing in a few respects differing from the sooner courting among China and Tibet, in precept yet reimposed the former's conventional suzerainty over the latter. due to the fact then, the path and trend of kin among the vital executive and the so-called neighborhood govt of Tibet have passed through a chain of drastic reappraisals and readjustments, culmi­ nating within the uprising of 1959 and the flight of the Dalai Lama to India. those occasions, including the hot degeneration of the Sino-Indian border dispute right into a full-fledged army war of words, have served to dramatize the significance of Tibet from the viewpoint of world method and global international relations. lengthy sooner than that, even if, certainly ever for the reason that Tibet's career by way of the chinese language purple armies and the region's potent submission to Peking's authority, the Tibetan query had already assumed the prestige of an enormous political challenge and that for numerous solid purposes, inner in addition to foreign. From the vantage-point of household politics, the Tibetan factor was once from the very commence, and nonetheless is now, of top importance on no less than 3 counts.

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To the jurisdiction of the four grand secretaries belonged such questions as drawing up and communicating to their proper destination various documents setting forth the decisions of the Kashag, drafting sundry legislative acts in the name of the Dalai Lama, submitting to the Dalai Lama for his personal confirmation appointments and transfers of clerical officials. The secretariat was also responsible for the administration of temples and sacred places, except the three great monasteries of Drepung, Sera, and Ganden, which enjoyed the privilege of self-management.

The interlude which would prove so crucial for the fate of Tibet opened with an attempt by a favorite minister of the late king to set himself up as a dictator. Although the plan was quickly defeated by Tibet's conservative forces, led by the Church hierarchs, the brutal repression which followed upon the victory left new and indelible scars on Tibet's as it is badly fragmented body politic. Shortly thereafter, the country suffered another, equally unsettling experience, when the ruling Regent, Reting Rimpoche, was forced under pressure to resign and was replaced as a Regent by Taktra Rimpoche.

48 TIBET IN TRANSITION, Y9SY-Y954 preconceived blueprint. True, Peking waged a sustained campaign to achieve its goals, but always by resort to eminently expedient tactics. In other words, Chinese strategy called for extensive changes in the established socio-political organization of the country, but throughout the Chinese pursued that plan in a purely ad hoc, thoroughly pragmatic manner, with specific conditions which obtained at any given moment both dictating the choice of individual moves and determining the elaboration of the practical course of action conducive to their execution.

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