Building Modern Turkey: State, Space, and Ideology in the by Zeynep Kezer

By Zeynep Kezer

Building sleek Turkey bargains a serious account of the way the equipped atmosphere mediated Turkey’s transition from a pluralistic (multiethnic and multireligious) empire right into a sleek, homogenized countryside following the cave in of the Ottoman Empire on the finish of worldwide battle I. Zeynep Kezer argues that the planned dismantling of ethnic and spiritual enclaves and the spatial practices that ensued have been as crucial to conjuring up a feeling of nationwide harmony and facilitating the operations of a latest countryside as have been the construction of a brand new capital, Ankara, and different websites and prone that embodied a brand new glossy lifestyle. The publication breaks new floor through studying either the inventive and harmful forces at play within the making of recent Turkey and via addressing the overpowering frictions in this profound transformation and their long term effects. through contemplating spatial ameliorations at varied scales—from the adventure of the person self in area to that of foreign geopolitical disputes—Kezer additionally illuminates the concrete and performative dimensions of fortifying a political ideology, person who instills within the inhabitants a feeling of club in and allegiance to the state in particular competing loyalties and guarantees its longevity.

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JA NSEN ‘ S ZONING FOR AN K AR A 1932 (ARBEITER-VIERTERL: WORK ER S‘ DIS TRIC T; INDUSTRIE: INDUS TRY; HOİCHSCHULİ VIERTEL: U NIVER SIT Y DIS TRIC T; REGIERUNGS VIERTEL: GOVERN M ENT QUARTER; L ANDHAUS VIERTEL: COU NTRY HOUSES; WOHN-RESERVE: FUTU RE RESIDENTIAL DE VELOPM ENT ARE A). TH E CITA DEL A PPE A R S IN B L ACK, AN D AN K AR A‘ S EXIS TING FAB RIC PRIOR TO ITS N E W ROLE A S C APITAL IS M ARK ED “A LTS TA DT,” OLD TOWN. A RCHITEK TU R MUSEUM TU B ERLIN, INV. N R . 22598. 34 P O L I T I C A L C A P I TA L and its environs comprised a fully functional city, integrating multiple uses in a compact area.

In their efforts to validate their actions, the nationalists indiscriminately targeted every aspect of Istanbul and, by implication, the Ottoman legacy it represented. They were critical of the city’s location, tucked in the northwestern corner of the country, too far away to hear people’s concerns or attend to them in times of need. Yet another cause for concern was the leverage European states had gained in Ottoman politics, mostly through liaisons cultivated with powerful palace officials and bureaucrats since the eighteenth century.

They were unwilling to retrofit existing districts, arguing that it would be costly or would not satisfactorily showcase the republic’s achievements. Çankaya was sparsely built, located farther away and uphill from the densely populated older quarters. Providing it with infrastructure would clearly imply higher total and per capita costs. 10. WATER UTILIT Y PROVISION M AP OF Ç AN K AYA , IN DIC ATING WATER PROVISION BY ADDRESS. IN ADDITION TO TH E PRESIDENTIAL RESIDENCE (DARK CIRLCE, TOP RIG HT ) AN D EM BA SSIES, SE VER AL HOM ES OWN ED BY TH E REPU B LIC AN ELITE ARE LIS TED.

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