Biofluid Mechanics. Principles and Applications by Ali Ostadfar

By Ali Ostadfar

Biofluid Mechanics is a throrough connection with the total box. Written with engineers and clinicians in brain, this ebook covers body structure and the engineering points of biofluids. successfully bridging the distance among engineers’ and clinicians’ wisdom bases, the textual content presents details on body structure for engineers and data at the engineering facet of biofluid mechanics for clinicians. scientific functions of fluid mechanics rules to fluid flows during the physique are incorporated in every one bankruptcy.

All engineering innovations and equations are constructed inside of a organic context, including computational simulation examples in addition. content material lined comprises; engineering versions of human blood, blood rheology within the stream procedure and difficulties in human organs and their negative effects on biomechanics of the cardiovascular procedure. the knowledge contained during this e-book on biofluid rules is middle to bioengineering and clinical sciences.

  • Comprehensive insurance of the complete biofluid mechanics topic provide you with an multi function reference, removing the necessity to collate info from assorted sources
  • Each bankruptcy covers rules, wishes, difficulties, and suggestions with the intention to assist you establish power difficulties and hire solutions
  • Provides a singular breakdown of fluid circulate via organ approach, and a short and centred reference for clinicians

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Example text

As the table shows, the presence or absence of the two agglutinogens (antigens), A and B, define the types of blood. The human blood is categorized into four types: O, A, B and AB. 5, people with type B blood have the B agglutinogens (antigens). People with type AB blood have both the A and the B agglutinogens on their RBCs. As a final point, persons with type O blood have no A or B Agglutinogens on their RBCs [25]. Along with the O-A-B system of antigens, the Rh system is essential in the blood transfusion procedure.

Fig. 24 shows a simple example to clarify these variables in the Bernoulli equation for a fluid flow in a tube. 24 A fluid flow in a tube between two points with different elevation, velocity and pressure. 14 HagenÀPoiseuille Equation The HagenÀPoiseuille Equation (or Poiseuille equation) is a fluidic law to calculate flow pressure drop in a long cylindrical pipe and it was derived separately by Poiseuille and Hagen in 1838 and 1839, respectively. 25 Longitudinal cutting view of a pipe with a laminar flow and parabolic velocity profile.

The Casson model is applicable for biological materials such as blood. 2 Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics τ 1=2 5 b1=2 1 ajγ 1=2 j ð1:31Þ where τ is shear stress, γ is shear rate, a and b are constants (b is yield stress at low shear rate). Eq. 30) is a general form of the Casson model. Recently, more precise equations [10,17] based on the Casson model have been introduced to explain viscoplastic materials such as blood. 10 Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics The main purpose in fluid mechanics, especially fluid dynamics, is to describe the main characteristics of fluid flow, such as velocity, pressure and temperature.

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