By Donald L. Johnson, Donald Langmead
Quickly after 1900 in either North the USA and Europe the evolution from the culture of Mediterranean and Gallic architectural types to modernism all started. This phenomenon was once due, partially, to American commercial structure and the paintings of Frank Lloyd Wright. Wright's construction and architectural treatises of 1898-1908, with the extra support of Dutch propaganda on his behalf, considerably motivated ecu practitioners and theorists. eu structure inside of and out of doors of Holland displays an variation of Wright's theories in addition to the structural determinism of yankee commercial structures. With new facts and clean research culled from Dutch and American documents, own correspondence, fabric, this research examines the burden of Wright's works and phrases and people of the Dutchmen H.P. Berlage, Theo van Doesburg, Jan Wils, J.J.P. Oud, William Dudok, and Hendrik Theodor Wijdeveld.This new perception at the results of Wright's architectural theories and designs, coupled with an in depth consultant for additional examine, will allure paintings and structure students and historians on each side of the Atlantic and also will be of curiosity to social historians, artists, and designers. occasions and new theories, together with the statement that Hendrik Theodor Wijdeveld was once the catalytic resource at the back of Wright's Taliesin Fellowship validated in 1932, are offered in transparent obtainable language. Tied to the textual content are a variety of visible displays of important designs and structures.
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Extra resources for Architectural Excursions: Frank Lloyd Wright, Holland and Europe (Contributions to the Study of Art and Architecture)
In spite of his insistence that this was the sole purpose of their travel to Europe, that reason seems unlikely simply because preparing the drawings, assembling the photographs and writing a text could have been more easily done in Chicago. Wright lived in Fiesole, just outside of Florence, while Cheney stayed in Leipzig. They met occasionally in Berlin and she joined him in Italy only after her work in 22 Architectural Excursions Germany was completed. Wright and Cheney traveled to Bavaria, Vienna (but failed to meet Olbrich), Paris, then to London (to meet Ashbee), but not to Holland.
From Wright(1910a,b). Exterior perspectives in Wright(1910a,b) are usually based on photographs, often traced over; this was no exception. revolutionary change to fit contemporary circumstances was paralleled, if with less asceticism, in Berlage's response to his own American visit. The Hollander's critical role could not be played until Wright had established his architectural theory with unequivocal consistency in a series of buildings. Therein lay the greatest difference between the Europeans and Wright: they spoke of change, he executed it.
Immediate Reaction 31 This was closely followed by a call for nationalism, the discovery of an American—a national—architecture and rejection of the narrow "damned . . " In his 1908 and 1910 essays Wright stated that his Larkin building "was built to house the commercial engine of the Larkin Company in light, wholesome, well-ventilated quarters. . "16 Did not Berlage characterize it as full of monumental power? 17 To a pre-1914 Europe, balancing avant-garde ideas and the frustrations of ethnicity, Wright's and Berlage's words were most attractive.