By Marat Abzalov
This booklet presents an in depth review of the operational rules of contemporary mining geology, that are awarded as an excellent mixture of concept and perform, permitting use by way of a extensive diversity of experts, from scholars to academics and skilled geologists.
The e-book contains entire descriptions of mining geology suggestions, together with traditional equipment and new ways. The attributes offered within the booklet can be utilized as a reference and as a advisor via mining experts constructing mining tasks and for optimizing mining geology methods. purposes of the equipment are defined utilizing case reviews and are facilitated through the pc scripts additional to the ebook as digital Supplementary Material.
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Additional info for Applied Mining Geology
There are several methods for bulk underground mining, the most common being block caving, long hole open stoping, sublevel open stoping, sublevel caving and vertical-crater-retreat. 1 Block Caving Block caving is a large-scale production technique applicable to homogeneous ore bodies of large dimensions and most commonly steep to vertical ore bodies. Block caving is regarded as one of the most productive and lowest cost underground mining methods and as such is often applied to low grade ore bodies.
After non-expensive digital cameras became routinely available they became an integral part of the geological mapping in © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016 M. 1007/978-3-319-39264-6_3 19 20 3 Mine Mapping Fig. 1 Samples of the main rocks arranged as a display board (rock atlas): (a) example of a display board used at the Ernest Henry mine, Australia; (b) generalised layout of a rock sample collection, which is the suggested template for rock display boards the modern mines. Digital technologies and computers have changed the whole procedure of the mine mapping which became an interactive process between direct observations in the field and desktop mapping using georeferenced digital photos plotted on the relevant mine faces, such as open pit benches or underground workings.
Depending on available software the photos can be draped on digital model of the corresponding surfaces or simply posted onto planes whose positions approximately coincide with the surface displayed on the photo (Fig. 14). Geological contacts can be digitised directly from these images. Accurate location of the image when it 30 3 Mine Mapping Fig. 14 3D digital model of the underground workings at the Zarmitan gold mine, Uzbekistan. Insert shows a photo of the face of underground drive that was georeferenced and draped on corresponding plane of the 3D model is draped onto corresponding plane allows to obtain the accurate 3D position of the geological features that was exposed on the studied face.