A web of prevention : biological weapons, life sciences and by Brian Rappert, Caitriona McLeish

By Brian Rappert, Caitriona McLeish

Web of Prevention offers a well timed contribution to the present debate approximately lifestyles technology study and its implications for defense. it's an informative consultant for either specialists and the general public. it's a forward-looking contribution masking either ends of the equation and creates momentum for the present dialogue on potent preventive measures and powerful regulate measures. whereas there are not any promises for fighting misuse, there are still the most important steps the area group can take in the direction of the overarching target of an international community for the lifestyles sciences. This publication sheds gentle on concrete steps towards the success of this beneficial aim.

"This publication with its selection of essays offers an in-depth research of a few of the collectively reinforcing components that jointly create and boost an online of prevention - or of coverage - that's very important to make sure that the advances within the existence sciences will not be misused to reason damage. All these engaged within the lifestyles sciences and in coverage making in governments all over the world should still learn this publication to allow them to take steps to bolster the internet fighting organic weapons".
From the Foreword by means of Dr Gabriele Kraatz-Wadsack, leader, guns of Mass Destruction department, workplace for Disarmament Affairs, United Nations.

"Since September eleven, 2001 in lots of international locations renewed consciousness has been given to how learn within the lifestyles sciences could inadvertently or deliberately facilitate the improvement of organic or chemical guns. This cutting-edge quantity examines the entire volume of the problems and debates. insurance comprises an outline of modern medical achievements in virology, microbiology, immunology and genetic engineering on the way to asking how they may facilitate the construction of guns of mass destruction by means of country, sub-state or terrorist agencies. attention is given to what we've and have not discovered from the previous. using either educational research and reflections by means of practitioners, the booklet examines the security-inspired governance regimes for the lifestyles sciences which are below improvement. eventually the authors study what's required to shape a finished and manageable net of prevention and spotlight the significance of encouraging discussions among scientists, coverage makers and others concerning the governance of significant yet almost certainly harmful research".
Dr Graham S. Pearson, traveling Professor of foreign safety, collage of Bradford, united kingdom and formerly Director-General, Chemical and organic Defence institution, united kingdom

 

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Extra info for A web of prevention : biological weapons, life sciences and the governance of research

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And to paraphrase a provision in the modern Hippocratic Oath: physicians and scientists shall remember that they have a pact with society to advance knowledge and to apply that knowledge for the good of humanity. Scientists and scientific institutions must act responsibly to limit the potential misuse of scientific materials and information by potential bioweaponeers. In particular, Revill and Dando (2006) see value for a Hippocratic-style oath for the life sciences as a means of helping to educate researchers about the dangers of dual use research.

E. research for prophylactic, protective or peaceful purposes) could be dangerous and, in particular, could lead to the development of biological weapons. Such concern raises the inevitable debate as to whether the pursuit of scientific knowledge is value free and, thus, without bounds, or whether there is ‘dangerous research’ that should not be done and knowledge that should not be openly shared. The consensus now, although still opposed by some scientists, is that ethics must be applied to science from its inception: the pursuit of knowledge is not value free and must conform to ethical norms and the requirements of society.

The contribution of expert advice is a well-established means by which members of the scientific community seek to shape government decisionmaking. Two chapters in this book address expert advice. The first, in Chapter 5, is an account by the British Royal Society of the conclusions of an international workshop of scientists, policy analysts, officials and others held at the Royal Society from 4 to 6 September 2006. Building on similar activities under the Chemical Weapons Convention, this workshop intended to identify scientific and technological developments most relevant to the BWC in order to inform deliberations at the Sixth Review Conference.

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