By M. Steven Fish, Graeme Gill, Milenko Petrovic
This edited quantity seeks to appreciate and clarify the trend of various nationwide and nearby luck in post-communist political and financial transition around the post-communist global. regardless of frequent hopes for the improvement of lively democratic political structures and colourful marketplace economies, the results of 1 / 4 century of post-communist transition within the international locations of the previous communist bloc in Eurasia were largely version. a few have matched those hopes, together with turning into complete contributors of the ecu; others have fallen a ways brief, with political and fiscal structures little replaced from the communist period. This assortment, with an across the world revered record of participants, addresses a few of the urgent matters in political technology and transition reviews, starting from theoretical overviews to the extra particular nitty-gritty of latest politics.
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Extra info for A Quarter Century of Post-Communism Assessed
But we have little reason to think that the sprawling police apparatuses that rulers command in Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan would be much weaker in the absence of oil rents. Nor has oil wealth been necessary to maintain a powerful police state apparatus, as Serbia under Slobodan Milosevic, Belarus under Aleksandr Lukashenko, and Uzbekistan under Islam Karimov show. But the post-communist experience suggests that oil can poison democracy’s prospects in ways other than by creating a rentier state, truncating modernization, or funding a powerful coercive apparatus.
Coppedge, M. (2006). Diffusion is no illusion: neighbor emulation in the third wave of democracy. Comparative Political Studies, 39(4), 463–489. Bunce, V. (2000). Comparative democratization: big and bounded generalizations. Comparative Political Studies, 33(6–7), 703–734. CHAPTER 1: POST-COMMUNISM AND THE CORRELATES OF DEMOCRACY 39 Diamond, L. (1992). Economic development and democracy reconsidered. American Behavioral Scientist, 35(4–5), 450–499. , & Pridham, G. (2004). International actors and democracy promotion in Eastern Europe: the integration model and its limits.
Presidents are also sometimes seen as being more decisive and capable of carrying out unpopular but needed decisions (Horowitz 1996; Mainwaring and Shugart 1997). While it would be an exaggeration to say that the ﬁeld has reached consensus, a preponderance of evidence seems to favor pro-parliamentary arguments (Bunce 2000). Countries in which executive power is constituted on the basis of the outcome of parliamentary elections and in which governments are accountable to parliament often do well in democratization.